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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a feudal warrior caste in medieval India and a group of high-status castes in modern India. The Rajputs claim descent from the ancient Kshatriya varna, and the name “Rajput” derives from the Sanskrit rajaputra, meaning “raja’s son.” However, most of the 36 Rajput clans are descended not from the Kshatriya but from the elite of the Saka, Huns, Gurjaras, and other tribes that invaded India in the fifth and sixth centuries and assumed a dominant position in various regions of North India in the eighth century. Later, members of the Gonds, Bhar, Kol, and other local feudalized tribes attained Rajput status.

Between the eighth and 12th centuries, states headed by Rajput dynasties spread throughout North India and Nepal. Ordinary clan members, who represented the states’ military strength, were given conditional possession of villages and became small-scale, and often collective, landowners. During the Muslim conquests of the 12th and 13th centuries, Rajput princes lost most of their holdings, retaining chiefly those holdings in the Himalayan foothills and Rajasthan. The smaller-scale feudal Rajput lords became zamindars under Muslim rule. To this day, Rajputs constitute a populous stratum among the landowners of North India.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rajput said, "If Scindia becomes the party president for Madhya Pradesh unit, then each party worker will be happy."
Rajput noted that Nepal was a logistical hub for mountaineers looking to climb the world-famous Himalayan peaks, which includes Mount Everest.
He said Hyderabad police were checking and collecting crime record of Rajput.
He also slammed Rajput for not verifying the legal aspect before coming on board for the film.
The police told that Rajput was staying in the motel for three days prior to his death.
Violence and arson erupted in parts of BJP-ruled Madhya Pradesh and Haryana yesterday ahead of Thursday's release of Sanjay Leela Bhansali's controversial period drama Padmaavat as the Karni Sena, an extremist Rajput group, warned of "enormous outburst of people" if the movie was released.
Rajput Karni Sena, an Indian caste organization had issues with the wrong depiction of Rani Padmavati played by Deepika in the movie which is expected to be released on December 1.
Mumbai: Former India cricket manager Lalchand Rajput feels Hardik Pandya is the "ideal all-rounder" that the national team has been aspiring since the departure of legendary Kapil Dev.
Rakesh Rajput, widely regarded as the best orthopedic surgeon in India, is contacted by many patients with terminally affected knee joints.
Initial probe also indicates Rajput has links with the underworld.
Nidhi Rajput was conferred with Young Scientist Award.