Krakatoa

(redirected from Rakata)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Krakatoa

(krākətō`ə, krä–) or

Krakatau

(kräkätou`), volcanic island, c.5 sq mi (13 sq km), W Indonesia, in Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra; rising to 2,667 ft (813 m). A momentous volcanic explosion on Aug. 23, 1883, blew up most of the island, destroying two of the three volcanoes that had coalesced to form it, and also altered the configuration of the strait. The accompanying pyroclastic flows and tsunami caused great destruction and the loss of more than 36,000 lives along the nearby coasts of Java and Sumatra. The explosion is classed as one of the largest volcanic eruptions in modern times; debris was scattered across the Indian Ocean as far as Madagascar, and several islands were formed temporarily near Krakatoa. Krakatoa itself was formed in the aftermath of an earlier eruption that created the nearby islands of Verlaten, or Sertung, and Lang, or Panjang. Since 1927 Anak Krakatau [Bahasa Indonesia,=child of Krakatau], an island and volcano, c.360 ft (110 m), has gradually risen from the sea in the caldera formed by the 1883 eruption. The new volcano has had many frequent lesser eruptions. Much of the island collapsed during an eruption in 2018, causing a devastating tsunami that killed several hundred people in nearby Java and Sumatra.

Bibliography

See S. Winchester, Krakatoa: The Day the World Exploded (2003).

Krakatoa

volcano in southwest Pacific which violently exploded in 1883, destroying the island. [Asian Hist.: NCE, 1500]

Krakatoa

volcanic explosion on this Indonesian island heard 3000 miles away (1883). [Asian Hist.: NCE, 1500]

Krakatoa

, Krakatau
a volcanic island in Indonesia, in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra: partially destroyed by its eruption in 1883, the greatest in recorded history. Further eruptions 44 years later formed a new island, Anak Krakatau ("Child of Krakatau")
References in periodicals archive ?
Additional evidence of low [E.sub.t] rates in TMCF was found by Hafkenscheid (1994) on the island of Rakata (Krakatau), Indonesia, where heat-pulse equipment was used to monitor sapflow in Neonauclea calycina trees of similar diameter at breast height at 110 m (in 30-35 m tall lowland forest) and at 710 m (in 7-15 m tall "mossy forest").
Hydrological observations in rain forests of contrasting stature on Rakata Island, Indonesia.
Rakata, another fine front-running performance from an improving filly
Rakata proved impossible to pass under a fine front-running ride from Jamie Spencer in the 1m handicap for fillies, although it was getting tight in the last strides as both Kindlelight Debut and All Quiet closed on the winner.
Richard Hughes notched a double when Equilibria took the 1m4f handicap and Rakata won the 1m handicap.
Hughes was seen at his tactical best aboard Rakata as he dictated the pace before quickening things up and stretching two and a half lengths away from Tuscarora.
Rakata failed to fire in an apprentice race on the all-weather at Kemptoneight days ago, but a return to turf can see her bounce back from that poor run in style.
However, he had to settle for a dead heat on the latter, when the judge was unable to separate Starship and the Philip Robinsonridden Zaafran after the pair had come through late to head Rakata, and his evening came to a premature end when he gave up his only subsequent ride through dehydration.
Others to followDoncaster: 4.05 South Cape, 5.15 Rakata. Newbury: 2.40 Catspraddle, 3.10 Admiral's Cruise, 4.55 Ameeq.