Rakhine State


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Rakhine State

(räkēn`), formerly

Arakan

(ărəkăn`, äräkän`), state (1983 pop. 2,045,891), 14,194 sq mi (36,762 sq km), W Myanmar, extending along the Bay of Bengal. It lies at the foot of the Arakan Mts., which rises to 10,016 ft (3,053 m) at Mt. Victoria. The capital is SittweSittwe
or Akyab
, city (1983 pop. 107,607), capital of Rakhine State, W Myanmar, at the mouth of the Kaladan River and on the Bay of Bengal. It is an important port and rice-milling center.
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. The Arakanese, or Rakhine, who are of Burmese stock with strong Indian influences, are mostly engaged in intensive rice cultivation; they are Buddhists. The Rohingya, a Muslim people who speak a Bengali dialect, form a large minority, but are not recognized as a Myanmarese ethnic nationality by the national government and are stateless; they have suffered much persecution. A number of other, smaller minority groups also live in the state.

The region, which is geographically isolated, was the seat of a powerful kingdom (after the 15th cent.), famous for a colossal image of Buddha. At various times under Burmese rule, it finally was absorbed into Burma (now Myanmar) in 1783; it was the first Burmese territory ceded (1826) to the British after the first Anglo-Burmese War. In the 1950s there was a movement for secession from Myanmar. In 2012 ten of thousands of Arakanese and Rohingyas were displaced as a result of outbreaks of ethnic violence between the two groups, and tensions and sporadic violence have continued since then. In late 2016 an attack on police by a Rohingya insurgent group led to a military crackdown in N Rakhine that continued into early 2017; there were accusations of military atrocities, and many Rohingya fled to Bangladesh. Rohingya insurgent attacks in N Rakhine in Aug., 2017, sparked attacks on Rohingyas by the military and Buddhist mobs; their villages were burned, some 7,000 were believed to have been killed, and hundreds of thousands fled to Bangladesh.

References in periodicals archive ?
The violence came hours after a mob of Rakhines -- who are mostly Buddhist -- set upon a bus in Taunggote in Rakhine state that they believed was carrying those responsible for the recent murder-rape of a local girl, residents said.
National League for Democracy (NLD) secretary U Lwin on Monday accused Myanmar local authorities of harassing NLD leader Aung San Suu Kyi during her current visit to rally NLD supporters in Rakhine State.
The Rakhine State government has offered financial assistance of 500,000 kyats ($370) to each of the families of seven people who were killed during a police crackdown on a protest in Mrauk-U Township, Rakhine State, earlier this week.
The Myanmar military has admitted that the members of its security forces were involved in the killing of 10 Rohingya Muslims whose bodies were found in a mass grave in December in restive Rakhine State.
The Security Council calls upon the Government of Myanmar to address the root causes of the crisis in Rakhine State by respecting, promoting and protecting human rights, without discrimination and regardless of ethnicity or religion, including by allowing freedom of movement, equal access to basic services, and equal access to full citizenship for all individuals.
Iwao Horii, Parliamentary Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs visited Republic of the Union of Myanmar in order to exchange views with Myanmar Government officials regarding the situation in the northern part of Rakhine State.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Human Rights Watch accused Myanmar of committing "crimes against humanity" in Rakhine State, calling on the UN Security Council (UNSC) to act on the issue by imposing sanctions and an arms embargo against the government.
The legal analysis reads, "The Rohingya are a Muslim minority group in Rakhine State, which occupies the western coast of Myanmar.
DENISE YAMMINE DOHA QATAR Charity (QC) and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a cooperation agreement to provide aid to Rohingya, Muslims, in Myanmar's Rakhine state on Tuesday.
The Organisation of Islamic Co-operation (OIC) is planning to send a fact-finding mission to Myanmar to probe the persecution of Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine State, OIC Secretary General Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu has announced.
Two senior government officials over the weekend inspected camps being readied in anticipation of the repatriation of hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees from Rakhine State, who are currently sheltering in neighbouring Bangladesh.
More than 688,000 Rohingya refugees have fled Rakhine State since August.