Ralf Dahrendorf


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Dahrendorf, Ralf

 

Born May 1, 1929. in Hamburg. German sociologist (West Germany).

Under Nazism, Dahrendorf was imprisoned (1944–45) in a concentration camp for his antifascist activity. In 1958 he became a professor of sociology at Hamburg, subsequently moving to Tubingen and then to Konstanz. Since 1968, Dahrendorf has been a member of the Free Democratic Party. He is the author of works on theoretical sociology and also on the current problems of development in West Germany (including Social Classes and Class Conflict in Industrial Society, 1957; Society and Democracy in Germany, 1965; and others).

Dahrendorf lays claim to the creation of a theory of classes and class conflict which he contrasts with both Marxism and with theories of class harmony. According to Dahrendorf, the principal criterion of class formation is not property relations but rather the relations of domination and subordination; economic domination does not necessarily lead to political domination. Dahrendorf asserts that dominant and subordinate classes exist in every society and that conflict between them is inevitable. He sets forth the ideal of a “liberal” and “modern” society, in which social conflicts are acknowledged and regulated. There would exist an equality of initial chances for everybody, individual competition, and a high degree of social mobility. Dahrendorf criticizes West German society from a liberal bourgeois point of view, noting the existence of social inequality and the privileges of a minority with regard to obtaining an education.

WORKS

Gesellschaft und Freiheit. Munich, 1961.
Homo Sociologicus, 3rd ed. Cologne, 1961.
Industrie-und Betriebssoziologie, 4th ed. Berlin, 1967.
Pfade aus Utopia. Berlin, 1967.
Für eine Erneuerung der Demokratie in der Bundesrepublik. Munich, 1968.
Die angewandte Aufklärung: Gesellschaft und Soziologie in Ameri-ka, 2nd ed. Frankfurt am Main, 1968.

I. N. FALEEVA

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Ralf Dahrendorf, Michael Tomasello, Jan Philipp Reemtsma y Kenichi Mishima son las figuras a quienes brinda calidas palabras de homenaje en la ultima parte.
Ankara did not imagine that the conflict in Syria would last this long and so continuously accepted Syrians to Turkey but did not develop any long-term policies to deal with the cost and other aspects of the refugees," he said at the Ralf Dahrendorf Roundtable titled "The Refugee Crisis: Responding together -- Challenge for the EU and Turkey," which was held on Nov.
Mientras que, la segunda fase hace referencia a los resultados hallados en la primera, por medio de la reconstruccion semiotica del concepto conflicto social a partir de Lewis Coser y Ralf Dahrendorf.
Ralf Dahrendorf, uno de los grandes teoricos de la democracia, ha llamado la atencion sobre la perdida que ha significado para Gran Bretana el ocaso de la antigua meritocracia en los campos de la politica y la cultura.
Ralf Dahrendorf was probably the most outstanding example of the last half-century, a Free Democrat member of the Federal Republic of Germany's Bundestag and a junior minister under Willy Brandt in the 1960s, then a naturalised British citizen and cross-bench member of the House of Lords in the 1990s.
Ralf Dahrendorf, in his monumental Class and Class Conflict in an Industrial Society (Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1959, p.
In a widely celebrated article, Ralf Dahrendorf, a former European Commissioner, cast doubts on Hamas's commitment to democracy.
Referring to the length of transition in post-communist societies, Ralf Dahrendorf appreciated that they would need 6 months for creating a constitution, 6 years for institutionalizing democracy that is of creating the rule of law, of the parliamentary system, political and ideological pluralism, and of 60 years to implement a democratic society (8).
Citing Ralf Dahrendorf, Georg Simmel and Ulrich Beck, Gerhards argues that beginning in 1945, a process of individual emancipation took place, marked by increasing individuation.
These are extracts from a commentary by Ralf Dahrendorf, a former European commissioner from Germany who is a member of the British House of Lords, a former rector of the London School of Economics, and a former warden of St.
Pero tampoco habria que dejar de recomendar la lectura del veterano Ralf Dahrendorf.
At the MRS Conference as long ago as 1969, David Pickard was urging researchers to integrate and interpret all data available to provide guidance as well as facts, while at the 1983 conference the MRS President Ralf Dahrendorf advocated the development of more multi-disciplinary 'straddlers' to bridge the gap between market researchers and marketing management.