Rallidae


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Rallidae

[′ral·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A large family of birds in the order Gruiformes comprising rails, gallinules, and coots.

Rallidae

 

a family of birds of the order Gruiformes. The body ranges in length from 16 (Porzana pusilla) to 63 cm (Notornis); the weight ranges from 60 g to 3.2 kg. The marsh or, less commonly, aquatic birds are adapted for life in dense thickets. The body is laterally compressed, and the legs have long digits and are themselves extremely or moderately long. The legs of the coot (Fulica atra) and the common gallinule (Gallinula chloropus) have swimming membranes. As a rule, the birds fly poorly; some are totally incapable of flight.

The family Rallidae includes 48 genera, embracing 129 species. The birds are distributed throughout the world except the polar regions. The species composition is particularly diverse in the tropics and subtropics, where the birds inhabit overgrown bodies of water, marshes, and damp meadows. The birds are monogamous and nest on the ground or, less commonly, on the water. The young leave the nest shortly after hatching. The birds eat both vegetation and animal substances (small invertebrates and, occasionally, small vertebrates).

Twelve species of Rallidae are found in the USSR: the corncrake (Crex crex,) common gallinule, water cock (Gallicrex cinerea,) purple gallinule (Porphyrio porphyrio,) coot, water rail (Rallus aquaticus,) and six species of Porzana. Some species are of commercial value in the Caspian region and in Middle Asia.

References in periodicals archive ?
The total number remains low; However, a high species richness reflects a domination of certain species including the populations of Rallidae (the Coot Fulica atra) overwintering.
Crake, mainly ground-dwelling birds, belongs to the family of Rallidae and the order of Gruiformes, and often looks for food in paddy fields, cannas, shrubs and swamps.
6, 9, 17, 18, 19, 22, 26 FALCONIDAE Phalcoboenus megalopterus 1, 2, 5, 6, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 21, 25, 26 Falco sparverius (Mb-e) 2, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 17, 18, 20, 21, 25, 26, 27 Falco femoralis (Ma-e) 6, 10, 11, 27 Falco peregrinus (Mb-e y Ma-e) 9, 20, 21, 22 RALLIDAE Pardirallus sanguinolentus 21, 22, 26, 27 (Ma-p) Gallinula chloropus (Ma-p) 21, 27 Fulica ardesiaca (Mov.
1 Galiformes CRACIDAE Penelope superciliaris Temminck, 1815 - - Gruiformes RALLIDAE Aramides cajanea (Statius Muller, 1776) - - CARIAMIDAE Cariama cristata (Linnaeus, 1766) - 13.
Nombre cientifico Nombre comun Familia Orden 1 Egretta caerulea Garza azul Ardeidae Ciconiiformes 2 Pandion haliaetus Aguila pescadora Pandionidae Falconiformes 3 Falco peregrinus Halcon peregrino Falconidae 4 Pardirallus sanguinolentus Gallineta comun Rallidae Gruiformes 5 Columbina minuta Alfarerita Columbidae Columbiformes 6 Tyto alba Lechuza de campanario Tytonidae Strigiformes 7 Chaetura pelagica Vencejo de chimenea Apodidae Apodiformes 8 Euscarthmus meloryphus Mosqueta copetona Tyrannidae 9 Poospiza hispanolensis Dominiqui comun 10 Sporophila Espiguero blanco y luctuosa negro Emberizidae Passeriformes 11 Sporophila obscura Espiguero pardo 12 Sporophila Espiguero pico de peruviana loro 13 Agelaius Tordo cabeza icterocephalus amarilla Icteridae
SB A 38 Colinus cristatus PS AV ARAMIDAE 39 Aramus guarauna AP V RALLIDAE 40 Aramides cajanea AQ,SB A 41 Laterallus albigularis (+) AP A 42 Porphyrula martinica (+) AP AV JACANIDAE 43 Jacana jacana (+) AP AV CHARADRIIDAE 44 Vanellus chilensis PS VA SCOLOPACIDAE 45 Tringa solitaria * AQ,AP V 46 T.
La familia Rallidae es la mas abundante y esta representada por dos especies Gallinula chloropus "polla de agua" y Fulica ardesiaca "gallareta", siendo la primera mas numerosa.
The Rallidae family is the most abundant and is represented for two species Gallinula chloropus "Common Moorhen" y Fulica ardesiaca "Slate-colored Coot".
Aa AT 2 O Anatidae Dendrocygna Da AA 32 RP autumnalis L Anas diazi Ridgway Ad AA 24 R Podicipedidae Podylimbus podiceps L Pp AA 8 R + 1 O Rallidae Fulica americana Fa AA 5 R + 12 I Gmelin Alcedinidae Ceryle alcyon L Cac P 2 R C.
The Black Coot (Fulica atra Linnaeus, 1758) belongs to family Rallidae and order Gruiformes.
We also took the example of the common coot (Fulica atra, n = 99), a diving bird of the Rallidae family that frequently shares ponds with ducks.