Cudworth, Ralph

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Cudworth, Ralph,

1617–88, English theologian and philosopher. He was a noted representative of the Cambridge PlatonistsCambridge Platonists,
group of English philosophers, centered at Cambridge in the latter half of the 17th cent. In reaction to the mechanical philosophy of Thomas Hobbes this school revived certain Platonic and Neoplatonic ideas.
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. Cudworth's most ambitious work, The True Intellectual System of the Universe, was never completed. The first part, a critique of atheistic materialism, appeared in 1678, and two parts were published posthumously as A Treatise concerning Eternal and Immutable Morality (1731) and A Treatise on Freewill (1838). In his works Cudworth attacked the materialistic philosophy of Hobbes and maintained the belief that moral ideas are innate in man.

Bibliography

See study by J. A. Passmore (1951).

References in periodicals archive ?
Authors discussed include Lord Herbert of Cherbury, Ralph Cudworth, Edward Stillingfleet, John Locke, Pierre Bayle, Matthew Tindal, and David Hume.
They note along the way an interesting but probably little known historical fact: that the first use of the term "philosophy of religion" seems to have been in the work of the English philosopher, Ralph Cudworth (1617-1688).
s account gives few hints about how it might have been influenced by the debates he had sketched in his first two sections (whereas he does allude to influences that had not been discussed in the first part, such as Ralph Cudworth and Athanasius Kircher).
Considered first are the outsiders--Pierre Gassendi, Sir Kenelm Digby, Theophilus Gale, Ralph Cudworth, and Nicholas Malebranche--followed by the insiders--Rene Descartes, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Baruch Spinoza, and Karl Leibniz.
1600-62), John Dury (1596-1680), Ralph Cudworth (1617-88), and Jan Amos Comenius (1592-1670), to whom he imparted his knowledge about the Karaites.
He received this book, as well as a manuscript of Elijah Bashyatchi's law code, Adderet Eliyyahu (Cloak of Elijah), from Ralph Cudworth, who himself most likely received it from Rittangel.
43) The last work, a refutation of the Talmud, is also unknown, but is mentioned by Ralph Cudworth as "Refutatio totius studij Talmuici" in a letter to John Selden written in April 1642.
Ralph Cudworth, who provided Selden with Karaitica, was himself interested in the subject.
It is originally due to Ralph Cudworth, and it is one of at least four different arguments that he offered against voluntaristic ethical theories.
Simonutti, and Yves-Charles Zarka) treat the historical context of the Cambridge thinkers' views on freedom of conscience, especially the views presented in the moral and theological writings of Henry More and Ralph Cudworth.
Figures like Benjamin Whichcote, Ralph Cudworth, and Henry More viewed reason an an intuitive as well as a discursive power and as the source of innate substantive principles of knowledge and morality.