Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman

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Raman, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata

(chŭn`drəsĕkärə vĕng`kətə rä`mən), 1888–1970, Indian physicist. He was professor of physics at Calcutta Univ. from 1917 to 1933. In Bangalore (now Bengaluru) he directed the Indian Institute of Science and, from 1946, the Raman Institute. For his research on the diffusion of light and for his discovery of the Raman effectRaman effect
, appearance of additional lines in the spectrum of monochromatic light that has been scattered by a transparent material medium. The effect was discovered by C. V. Raman in 1928.
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, he received the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics. He is noted also for his studies of diamonds. In 1929 he was knighted.