Sydnor (world religions, Emmanuel College, Boston) happened to be studying the theologians Sri Ramanuja
of the Srivaisnava Hindu tradition and Friedrich Schleiermacher of the Reformed Christian tradition during the same term, and found that he learned more about each in contrast to the other than in isolation.
Kristensen's writings and the work of his students, especially that of Gerardus van der Leeuw, helped shape my dissertation study of Ramanuja
's conception of God.
Tradition has it that he was initially a renunciant in the lineage of Swami Ramanuja
(tenth to eleventh century).
, Asian Institute of Buddhist Studies, Columbia University Press, 2004, 444pp.
It was the Tamil Brahman, Ramanuja
, who voiced a protest against the exclusion of the lowest orders.
He is currently completing his dissertation on the doctrine of absolute dependence in Ramanuja
In contrast Ramanuja
, the famous proponent of Visishtadvaita (qualified monism), admits three Pramanas: perception, inference and scriptual testimony.
In my understanding this impersonalism is rather a typical product of a modern age influenced by a romantic monism, looking to Shankara's onesided monistic interpretation of the Upanishads and the Vedanta Sutras, but ignoring the sophisticated theistic and "personalistic" interpretations of the same scriptures and the same tradition by Ramanuja
and the subsequent representatives of the theistic "schools" of India.
Philosophical or religious movements incorporated doctrinal interpolations into literary texts, as the Ramanuja
school did into the epic of Ramayana.(30)
This brief comparative study contrasts strikingly with Ward's earlier comparative study of the more classical absolutist standpoint of such figures as Ramanuja
, Maimonides, Al-Ghazzali, and Aquinas in his earlier book, Images of Eternity.
(65.) The term employed is smrtim, which Ramanuja
, Nagesabhatta and Sivasahaya understand to be an irregular form of smrti (smrtim iveti dirgha arsah--so Nagesabhatta in his comments to 5.13.31).
Medical College Hospital, Ramanuja
Road, Mysore--570004, Karnataka.