Bernardino Ramazzini

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Ramazzini, Bernardino

 

Born Oct. 4, 1633, in Carpi; died Nov. 5, 1714, in Padua. Italian physician and founder of occupational hygiene.

Ramazzini studied at the universities of Ferrara and Parma and became a physician in 1659. From 1682 to 1700 he held the chair of theoretical medicine at the University of Modena, and from 1700 he held the chair of practical medicine at the University of Padua.

Ramazzini’s principal work was Discourse on the Diseases of Artisans (1700; Russian translation, 1961), in which diseases characteristic of approximately 70 occupations were described; sections in the book included “On the Diseases of Writers and Scholars,” “On the Diseases of Scribes,” and “On the Diseases of Pharmacists.” Ramazzini discussed the hazards arising from processed materials, such as mercury and lead, from work methods and positions, as in such professions as tailoring and construction, and from the environment, as in fishing. He recommended methods for preventing diseases that result from these hazards. K. Marx cites Ramazzini’s book as a characteristic historical document of the early manufacturing period of capitalism and of the beginning of industrial pathology (see K. Marx in K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 23, p. 376).

Scientific societies on occupational hygiene have been named for Ramazzini in many countries, including Italy and the USA.

P. E. ZABLUDOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
O primeiro registro conhecido sobre a DFVT foi feito na Italia por Bernardino Ramazzini, no seculo XVIII, e os sintomas descritos eram dores de cabeca e problemas estomacais (4).
2,3) Pulmonary disease due to inhalation of suspended particles in the air at work environment (including anthracosis) was first introduced by Ramazzini (the father of occupational lung diseases, 1703).
Jane Lipscomb, PhD, RN, FAAN, a professor at the University of Maryland School of Nursing, is a newly-elected Fellow of the Collegium Ramazzini.
She established a company, Ramazzini, named after the pioneering 17th century Italian occupational health physician Bernadino Ramazzini.
San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler, 2001); see also Alvaro Ramazzini, "CAFTA Likely to Hurt Poor Central Americans," National Catholic Reporter, November 11, 2005.
Un preludio al nuovo modo di considerare il lavoro lo vedremo nel Settecento quando il medico Bernardino Ramazzini si occupera delle malattie causate dal lavoro in un'opera, De morbis artificum (1700), ritenuta il primo testo di "medicina del lavoro".
Do you understand that you are criticised for having served as a member of the panel that rejected the Ramazzini Institute's second study in 2009(1)?
Si el gobierno de Mexico no fuera tan miope y tratara de tener un poco mas de solidaridad con ellos, ya estaria haciendo un plan de desarrollo integral a partir de la corresponsabilidad con sus gobiernos de origen, obviamente, con su iniciativa privada, pero tambien tiene que ser necesariamente con el compromiso de sus pastores, la Iglesia catolica no puede nada mas estar pintada, tiene que hacer algo por esta gente, y no se ha preocupado, con honrosisimas excepciones como Alvaro Ramazzini de Guatemala, y algun otro por ahi que se salva, la Iglesia no esta haciendo nada, esa es una cosa tremenda que esta sucediendo", asegura el padre Alejandro Solalinde Guerra, fundador del albergue de migrantes Hermanos en el Camino.
En la Edad Moderna, Bernardino Ramazzini analizo mas de 54 profesiones y la forma de vida de los obreros, sus patologias y carencias, realizando un minucioso examen de los factores etiologicos de las afecciones propias de los distintos oficios que existian antes de la Revolucion industrial.
Ramazzini va mas alla y recomienda realizar una anamnesis dirigida, averiguando siempre en que actividad trabaja el enfermo que se examina.
La descripcion de la relacion entre el ambiente y la salud se vislumbro desde Hipocrates [9] y la enriquecio Ramazzini, quien enfatizo en la idea de la afectacion colectiva como consecuencia de las actividades y el medio ambiente en el que se desempenan sus miembros [10], demostrada epidemiologicamente por Snow [11].
En este trabajo de acompanamiento, Monsenor Alvaro Ramazzini, obispo de la Diocesis de San Marcos, nos apoyo dandonos un lugar en donde quedarnos en el centro catolico Juan Pablo II, y ese dia, justo despues de la cena, decidimos salir un momento para evaluar las acciones.