Rameses


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Related to Rameses: Ramses II, Cleopatra

Rameses

or

Ramesses.

1 For ancient Egyptian kings thus named, use Ramses. 2 For Ramses in the Bible, see RaamsesRaamses
, in the Bible, city of the eastern delta of Egypt, built by Hebrew slave labor. It was rebuilt by Ramses II. The Ramses in the books of Genesis and Numbers is the region of the central eastern delta.
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Rameses

 

(also Ramses), pharaohs in ancient Egypt. The best known are discussed below.

Rameses II (throne name Usermare-Setepnere). Pharaoh of the 19th dynasty, from the late 14th to mid-13th centuries B.C.

Under the rule of Rameses II, Egypt achieved great power. Rameses carried on a protracted struggle against the Hittites, which resulted in Egypt securing Palestine and southern Syria. He transferred his residence from Thebes to the northeastern delta, where the city of Pi-Ramessu (“house of Rameses”), later called Tanis, was built. There was a great deal of construction during his reign, including new temples in Abydos and Thebes, additions to the temples in Karnak and Luxor, and the cave temples of Abu Simbel. Wars and enormous expenses for the upkeep and construction of temples reduced the classes of laborers to ruin, while at the same time, the aristocracy and priesthood grew wealthy.

Rameses IV (III; throne name Usermare-Meriamon). Pharaoh of the 20th Dynasty, from the late 13th century through the 1170’s B.C. Some scholars refer to him as Rameses III because they do not include Rameses-Siptah of the 19th dynasty, who ruled about 1210 B.C.

Rameses IV repulsed an attack of the Sea Peoples on Lower Egypt. During his reign, the country continued to weaken, a process which had begun in the mid-13th century. Rameses sought support among mercenaries and the priesthood and made enormous contributions to the temples. He built the mortuary temple of Medinet Habu, near Thebes. His reign was filled with popular disturbances. Rameses was killed as a result of a palace plot.

The successors of Rameses IV (III) all had the name Rameses, and in the literature they are usually referred to as the Ramessides. The last of the Ramessides, Rameses XII (XI), ruled from 1112 to 1070 B.C.

I. S. KATSNEL’SON

Ramses

, Rameses
any of 12 kings of ancient Egypt, who ruled from ?1315 to ?1090 bc
References in periodicals archive ?
The excavators unearthed nine Egyptian scarabs (one bearing the name of Pharaoh Rameses III), a furnace for smelting iron ore and other artifacts.
One highlight is the vividlycoloured belt of the last great Pharaoh, Rameses III, on permanent display for the first time since before the Second World War.
The chemical composition of glass vessels and other artifacts found at various elite Mediterranean sites dating to around the time of Rameses II matches that of the Egyptian ingots, Jackson points out.
By forcing the Hebrews out of Egyptian society, invading the Hebrew bedrooms, and violating the Hebrew women, Rameses distinguishes himself as the new ruler of Egypt.
It is worth paying the extra pounds 80 for the short flight to the southern end of Lake Nasser to the Temples of Rameses II and his Queen Nefertari at Abu Simbel.
You get a set of printable plans, sections, an axo, zoomable thumbnails--there are, for example, 33 photos attached to the Rameses VII section--plus an extensive bibliography to do with the specific tomb as well as related articles.
Now African arts' preserver and presenter Herman Bigham and his 12-year-old son, Rameses, honor that remarkable bond with their traveling exhibit The Majesty of African Motherhood.
The two remaining tombs are Ramesside and found in the necropolis area of the workers' village Deir el Medina: Sennedjem (TT 1) and Inherkha (TT 359), dating to Seti I-Rameses II and Rameses III-IV respectively.
and Anthemideae [sic] in the abdominal cavity of Rameses II, as plant substances utilized in the preservation process by the ancient Egyptians.
REKIC: A wooden plaque (above) carved with a cartouche containing the name of Rameses II, one of Egypt's greatest pharoahs (1290-1223BC).
Both historical and artistic licence has been taken (much of the film focuses on the relationship between Moses and his fictitious half-brother Rameses, who later becomes Pharaoh; Moses is found and raised by Pharaoh's wife, not daughter; Aaron plays a minor role while Miriam is given an important role).
To heighten dramatic interest the folks at DreamWorks decided to tell the Moses story as a tale of sibling rivalry, with Moses and Rameses acting out the sort of fraternal competition gone bad that boomers like myself remember seeing Stephen Boyd and Charlton Heston do in Ben Hur so many years ago.