Ramses II

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Ramses II

(răm`sēz),

Rameses II,

or

Ramesses II

(both: răm`əsēz'), d. 1225 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty. The son of Seti ISeti I
, d. 1290 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty; son and successor of Ramses I. He succeeded to the throne c.1302 B.C. Invading Palestine and Syria, Seti I reduced them again to tributary status, and defeated the Libyans.
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, Ramses was not the heir to the throne but usurped it from his brother. He reigned for 67 years (1292–1225 B.C.). Under him Egypt acquired unprecedented splendor. His empire extended from S Syria to near the Fourth Cataract of the NileNile,
longest river in the world, c.4,160 mi (6,695 km) long from its remotest headstream, the Luvironza River in Burundi, central Africa, to its delta on the Mediterranean Sea, NE Egypt. The Nile flows northward and drains c.
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. The most notable incident of his reign was the battle near Kadesh on the Orontes, where the Egyptians were ambushed by the Hittites. Ramses, claiming to have saved his forces single-handed, had vast texts written about his personal valor. War continued with the Hittites for about 15 years until Ramses concluded a treaty of friendship (1280) with the Hittite king and married (1267) a Hittite princess.

Ramses left monuments throughout Egypt. The principal ones are probably the temple at Karnak, which he completed; the Rameseum, his mortuary temple, at Thebes; the temple at Luxor; and the great rock temple at Abu Simbel with four seated figures of the king on the facade. The period of his rule was characterized by great luxury, increased slavery, and the growth of a mercenary army, all of which led to the final decline of Egypt. He was probably the pharaoh of the exile mentioned in the Old Testament. MerneptahMerneptah
, d. c.1215 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty; son and successor of Ramses II. He succeeded (1224 B.C.) to the throne when he was already advanced in years. He quelled a revolt in Syria and repulsed a Libyan invasion of the western delta of the Nile.
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 succeeded him.

Ramses II

, Rameses II
died ?1225 bc, king of ancient Egypt (?1292--?25). His reign was marked by war with the Hittites and the construction of many colossal monuments, esp the rock temple at Abu Simbel
References in periodicals archive ?
Seti I eventually died and Prince Ramesses II became the new Pharaoh.
Above and below: Ancient artefacts on display at the exhibition Chris Kirby - Head of Exhibitions and Collections, with a model of Abu Simbel in Egypt Emily Taylor with the 'False Door of Sahathor' Among the prize exhibits is a colossus of Ramesses II, on its first showing outside the British Museum for 40 years
The statues, depicting King Ramesses II seated alongside the gods Amon-Ra, Ra-Horachty, and Ptah, sit in the Abu Simbel Temple Complex southwest of Aswan.
As well as enjoying the love stories of rulers such as Ramesses II and Queen Nefertari, my curiosity for the macabre meant I was also naturally keen to explore the Egyptians' fascination with death.
This discovery--which caused a sensation in the press--proved to be the objects that Carter had not included in the list drawn up for sale to the Metropolitan, among them works of considerable beauty and interest, ranging from a large alabaster vessel from the tomb of Merneptah, son of Ramesses II (Fig.
The Heretic Queen is a fictionalized historical novel about the young princess Nefertari, and her struggles in the court of Ramesses II to become his queen and Chief Wife.
We have almost weekly reports of archaeological discoveries, such as the huge tomb of the sons of Ramesses II, and programs on the Discovery Channel featuring the catscans of ancient mummies.
The recently much hyped KV5, an enormity of rooms (65 to date) filled with incredible amounts of rubble (which Howard Carter probably rightly gave up clearing) is claimed as a tomb for the 50 or more sons of Ramesses II.
Similar statements were made by others present, especially members of a growing Egyptian cult, that operates locally and worldwide, who believe that ancient great Egyptian kings like Tutankhamun and Ramesses II (who ruled from 1279BC to 1213BC in a kingdom extending from Somalia to Anatolia) spiritually guide some 'chosen Egyptologists' to their tombs in order to 'come alive' for a second time to observe the Nile valley and the realm they once ruled.
The Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses II was mummified with a black peppercorn up each nostril.
Ramesses II, who fathered more than 100 children, combined engineering and ego on an unprecedented scale to build two temples at Abu Simbel, one for himself and one for his beloved queen, Nefertari.
After turning his hand to adventuring and archaeology, Belzoni discovered the temple of Ramesses II - the greatest of all the Pharaohs, who ruled Egypt for 60 years.