Ramses II

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Ramses II

(răm`sēz),

Rameses II,

or

Ramesses II

(both: răm`əsēz'), d. 1225 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty. The son of Seti ISeti I
, d. 1290 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty; son and successor of Ramses I. He succeeded to the throne c.1302 B.C. Invading Palestine and Syria, Seti I reduced them again to tributary status, and defeated the Libyans.
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, Ramses was not the heir to the throne but usurped it from his brother. He reigned for 67 years (1292–1225 B.C.). Under him Egypt acquired unprecedented splendor. His empire extended from S Syria to near the Fourth Cataract of the NileNile,
longest river in the world, c.4,160 mi (6,695 km) long from its remotest headstream, the Luvironza River in Burundi, central Africa, to its delta on the Mediterranean Sea, NE Egypt. The Nile flows northward and drains c.
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. The most notable incident of his reign was the battle near Kadesh on the Orontes, where the Egyptians were ambushed by the Hittites. Ramses, claiming to have saved his forces single-handed, had vast texts written about his personal valor. War continued with the Hittites for about 15 years until Ramses concluded a treaty of friendship (1280) with the Hittite king and married (1267) a Hittite princess.

Ramses left monuments throughout Egypt. The principal ones are probably the temple at Karnak, which he completed; the Rameseum, his mortuary temple, at Thebes; the temple at Luxor; and the great rock temple at Abu Simbel with four seated figures of the king on the facade. The period of his rule was characterized by great luxury, increased slavery, and the growth of a mercenary army, all of which led to the final decline of Egypt. He was probably the pharaoh of the exile mentioned in the Old Testament. MerneptahMerneptah
, d. c.1215 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty; son and successor of Ramses II. He succeeded (1224 B.C.) to the throne when he was already advanced in years. He quelled a revolt in Syria and repulsed a Libyan invasion of the western delta of the Nile.
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 succeeded him.

Ramses II

, Rameses II
died ?1225 bc, king of ancient Egypt (?1292--?25). His reign was marked by war with the Hittites and the construction of many colossal monuments, esp the rock temple at Abu Simbel
References in periodicals archive ?
As described by Sumiyanu, the Egyptian preparations for warfare fit neatly with Thutmose III's Syrian wars but also with those of Seti I and Ramesses II. In other words, the general strategic situation in Syria remained the same over many years.
The Kadesh Inscriptions of Ramesses II. Oxford: The Griffith Institute Press.
The eastern Mediterranean in the age of Ramesses II. (reprint, 2007)
Hawwas announced on Thursday that an attempt to steal a statue of Ramesses II
Among the prize exhibits are a colossus of Ramesses II, on its first showing outside the British Museum for 40 years, and a never before displayed sandstone portrait of Queen Nefertiti from the Ashmolean.
The exhibition brings together more than 200 items from around the country, including a mummy from the Manchester Museum, a never-before displayed portrait of Queen Nefertiti from the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford and a granite colossus of Ramesses II.
Around 1250 BC, Hattusili III, king of the Hittites (Central Turkey), asked Ramesses II to send him a doctor to help his sister conceive.
Approximately how many years passed between the discovery of Ramesses II and Tutankhamen?
But the nurturing role of books and concern for their survival--two of Polastron's major themes--are he notes well-expressed by Ramesses II (1279-1213 BCE) whose "sacred library" bore a plaque stating: "House for Care of the Soul." It was situated within the Ramesseum of Thebes the pharaoh's "Castle of Millions of Years." Invaders rulers of other faiths or even a hostile successor decided the "soul" must be destroyed and time must start anew.
This discovery--which caused a sensation in the press--proved to be the objects that Carter had not included in the list drawn up for sale to the Metropolitan, among them works of considerable beauty and interest, ranging from a large alabaster vessel from the tomb of Merneptah, son of Ramesses II (Fig.
We have almost weekly reports of archaeological discoveries, such as the huge tomb of the sons of Ramesses II, and programs on the Discovery Channel featuring the catscans of ancient mummies.
After an introduction, chronology, and map of the Valley of the Kings, the book is organized into four chapters entitled "Preparations for the Afterlife," "Agents of Discovery," "Tombs of the Kings," and "Decline of a Royal Necropolis." The recently much hyped KV5, an enormity of rooms (65 to date) filled with incredible amounts of rubble (which Howard Carter probably rightly gave up clearing) is claimed as a tomb for the 50 or more sons of Ramesses II. Of course Tutankhamun's tomb is treated in some detail.