Lully, Raymond

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Lully, Raymond:

see Lull, RamónLull, Ramón
, or Raymond Lully,
c.1232–1316?, Catalan philosopher, b. Palma, Majorca. Of a wealthy family, he lived in ease until c.1263, when he had a religious experience and was fired with ambition to convert Muslims to Christianity.
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Lully, Raymond

 

Born circa 1235 in Mallorca; died circa 1315 in Tunis (?). Philosopher; theologian; Catalan writer.

At the age of 30, Lully gave up the life of a brilliant courtier and poet and entered the Franciscan order, becoming a missionary. He did missionary work in North Africa, where, according to legend, he suffered a martyr’s death. An outstanding expert on Jewish and Muslim theology, Lully was one of the founders of European Arabistics. He introduced the regular teaching of Oriental languages in European universities for the specialized preparation of missionaries. Lully left about 300 works, written originally in Catalan and Arabic primarily but often preserved only in Latin translations.

Lully’s world view was formed under the influence of Franciscanism and the works of Augustine. Polemicizing with the doctrine of Averroism about dualistic truth, Lully held that true knowledge was possible only in the light of revelation. For Lully, the world was the symbol of god, and in each thing were reflected divine “perfections,” the examination of which revealed to human understanding the principles of the action of god in the world. In order to bring such understanding to exhaustive completeness, Lully worked out methods of modeling operations in logic, using symbolic designations of ultimate concepts (in his basic work, The Great Art). This led him to develop the first logical machine and made him one of the forerunners of combination methods in logic.

Lully was the founder and classic writer of Catalan literature and one of the greatest lyric poets of his time (Desconort, the Song of Ramon, and other works); he also wrote the philosophical novella Blanquerna.

WORKS

Opera, omnia, vols. 1-8. Mainz, 1721-42.
Obres originales de Ramon Lull, vols. 1-2—. Palma, 1906-71—.
Obras literarias. Madrid, 1948.
Antologia de Ramon Lull, vols. 1-2. Madrid, 1961.

REFERENCES

Sureda Blanes, F. El beato Ramon Lull. … Madrid, 1934.
Battlori, M. Introductión bibliográfica a los estudios Lulianos. Palma, 1945.
Rzyttka, B. Ars magna: Die grosse Kunst des Raimund Lull. Modling [1960].
Platzeck, E. W. Raimund Lull: Sein Leben, seine Werke…, vols. 1-2. Düsseldorf, 1962-64.
Estudios Lulianos. Palma, 1957—.

N. V. KOTRELEV

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References in periodicals archive ?
2) Universidad Ramon Llull, Universidad de Comillas, Universidad de Deusto, Universidad de Murcia, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Universidad de las Islas Baleares, Universidad de Las Palmas, Universidad de la Laguna, Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona, Universidad Rovira i Virgili, Universidad de Malaga y Universidad de Zaragoza.
Para entender mejor el contexto y el estado de la cuestion hay que recordar que el culto a la figura de Ramon Llull y el estudio de sus obras es una de las constantes de la historia de Mallorca desde la Edad Media.
Sin embargo, lo que mas destaca es la presencia de libros y manuscritos de obras de Ramon Llull, que casi representaban la mitad de los fondos de la Biblioteca (42).
La edicion llevada a cabo en Bruselas del libro de Ramon Llull representa una labor frecuente en el marco de la impresion de libros del XVII, pues en Europa se editaron e imprimieron con frecuencia los libros del poligrafo mallorquin.
Manuel Guzman, Institut Quimic de Sarria-Universitat Ramon Llull, Spain.
Nuria Ibanez Martinez (1), Juan Luis Linares Fernandez (2), Anna Vilaregut Puigdesens (1), Carles Virgili Tejedor (1) y Meritxell Camprecios Orriols (1) (1) Universidad Ramon Llull y (2) Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona
El tambien precoz conocimiento que tuvo el artista catalan del pensamiento oriental, en especial el budismo zen, y de Ramon Llull, tienen asimismo su grado de responsabilidad en esta deriva mistica de su abstraccion.
Curiosamente, Dougherty dedica el tercer capitulo a Ramon Llull, y se centra en su Vita Coetanea.
Psychologists at the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB) and Ramon Llull University looked at 142 primary schoolchildren (65 girls and 77 boys aged between six and seven years of age) from different schools and which did not have any sleep-related pathological changes.
Articulo de reflexion, producto de una investigacion iniciada en la Universidad Ramon Llull de Barcelona, Espana, dentro de los cursos de doctorado en filosofia.
Asi, Forment Giralt enumera las figuras destacadas por Menendez Pelayo, pero especial es la detencion en la obra y personalidad de Ramon Llull y, en el ultimo apartado, en su enfoque de Ausias March, cuyo cuerpo de poesias seria considerado principalmente como libro filosofico.
They are: Esther Gimenez-Salinas, rector of Ramon Llull University, Barcelona, Spain; Vaclav Hampl, rector of the Charles University, Czech Republic; Lauritz Holm-Nielsen, rector of the Aarhus University, Denmark (reelected);a Kristin Ingolfsdottir, rector of the University of Iceland; Margret Wintermantel, president of the German Rectors' Conference, Germany (reelected) The elected candidates will join current board members David Drewry (UK), Jean-Pierre Finance (France) and Giuseppe Silvestri (Italy).