Ramón Maria Del Valle-Inclán

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Valle-Inclán, Ramón Maria Del

 

Born Oct. 28, 1869, in Puebla de Caramiñal, Galicia; died there Jan. 5, 1936. Spanish writer and dramatist.

Valle-Inclán’s first literary work, which was published in 1894, was a collection of short stories entitled Women: Six Love Stories. He was a representative of the so-called Generation of 1898. The Sonata cycle of novellas (four parts, 1902-05; translated into Russian in 1966) is united by a single theme and protagonist; these novellas ring with protest against the drabness of petit-bourgeois life. Valle-Inclán also published the trilogy Barbaric Comedies (1907-08) and The Carlist War (1908-09). The plays he wrote before World War I (La Marquesa Rosalinda, 1913, and others) contain a succession of grotesque characters. Valle-Inclán condemned World War I. His postwar plays, pamphlets, and novels reflect the growth of critical attitudes among progressive members of the Spanish intelligentsia and the influence of Russia’s October Revolution. In several grotesque novellas under the general title Shrove Tuesday (1924-26), Valle-Inclán used the dialogue form to criticize the prevailing moral climate. In the pamphlet-novel Banderas the Tyrant (1926; Russian translation 1931 and 1959), he painted a generalized satirical portrait of a dictator; the historical novels Court of Miracles (1927; Russian translation, 1936) and Long Live My Ruler (1928) are satirical portrayals of Spain on the eve of the Revolution of 1868. An opponent of fascism, Valle-Inclán led the Spanish section of an international writers’ movement active in the defense of culture. In 1933 he was elected president of the Spanish Society of Friends of the USSR.

WORKS

Opera omnia, vols. 1-30. Madrid [no date].
Obras Completas, vols. 1-2. Madrid, 1944.
In Russian translation:
Sonaty. Introduction by G. Stepanov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
Izbrannoe. Leningrad, 1969.

REFERENCESS

Gabinskii, N. “Ramon del’ Val’e Inklan.” Inostrannaia literatura, 1957, no. 7.
Kel’in, F. “Ispanskie ocherki.” Internatsional’naia literatura, 1936, no. 7.
Fernández Almagro, M. Vida y literatura de Valle-Inclán. Madrid, 1943.
Madrid F. La Vida altiva de Valle-Inclán. Buenos Aires, 1943.
Cuadernos hispanoamericanos, 1966 (July-August), nos. 199-200. (Issue devoted to Valle-Inclán.)
Speratti-Pinero, E. S. De Sonata de otoño al esperpento: Aspectos del arte de Valle-Inclán. London [1968].
Rubia, Bareia. “A Bibliography and Iconography of Valle-Inclán, 1869-1936.” University of California, Publications in Modern Philology, 1961, vol. 59.

G. V. STEPANOV 4-802-1

References in periodicals archive ?
Catalogo de la Exposicion don Ramon Maria del Valle-Inclan (1866-1898).
Don Ramon Maria del Valle-Inclan. Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, Austral, 427, 1979(5th ed).
A pesar de la caudalosa bibliografia critica sobre la obra de don Ramon Maria del Valle-Inclan, todavia quedan huecos por cubrir, temas que revalorar o aspectos que no han sido estudiados con la extension y profundidad que merecen.
(2) Ramon Maria del Valle-Inclan, Esperpento, Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1924; p.
Hasta aqui, algunos principios basicos sobre la entrevista como genero; pero, ?que sucede cuando el personaje entrevistado es todo un caracter literario como el senor don Ramon Maria del VALLE-INCLAN?
THE NOVEL OF THE DICTATOR has been an established genre of Latin American fiction since at least Jose Marmol's Amalia (Argentina; published serially 1852-55) and Ramon Maria del Valle-Inclan's Tirano Banderas (Spain; 2926); a large number of novels on dictators were published in the 1960s and 1970s, a time of the waning of the so-called personalist dictators and the emergence of their neofascist counterparts.
En los ultimos anos, Avelar participo en muchas obras de enorme valor como Los perros, de Elena Garro, bajo la direccion del joven Paco Roustand; El viaje de los cantores, de Hugo Salcedo, que dirigida por Angel Norzagaray, la presento convertida en una imagen entranable y --dramaticamente-- catarsica: la Virgen de Guadalupe; Tirano Banderas, de Ramon Maria del Valle-Inclan, dirigida por Ignacio Lopez Tarso; Parada San Angel, de Garro, puesta en escena de Marta Luna y el monologo Ave Maria, de Julian Piza.
esperpento en la obra de Don Ramon Maria del Valle-Inclan Tirano
Other outstanding figures were Azorin himself, the philosopher and critic Jose Ortega y Gasset, the novelists Pio Baroja, Vicente Blasco Ibanez, and Ramon Maria del Valle-Inclan, and the poets Antonio Machado and Manuel Machado.
Bibliografia de don Ramon Maria del Valle-Inclan (1888-1936).
While he lived there, Rivera became a frequent visitor of the Museo del Prado, the Cafe de Pombo )where he met the even younger Ramon Gomez de la Serna, among others), and the Nuevo Cafe de Levante, where the modernist poet and novelist Ramon Maria del Valle-Inclan held his tertulia or" literary gathering." Paraphrasing Serrano Alonso, Valle-Inclan's was not a tertulia a la mode; the attendance was shaped by painters, sculptors, architecture students ...