Ramón Maria Del Valle-Inclán

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Valle-Inclán, Ramón Maria Del

 

Born Oct. 28, 1869, in Puebla de Caramiñal, Galicia; died there Jan. 5, 1936. Spanish writer and dramatist.

Valle-Inclán’s first literary work, which was published in 1894, was a collection of short stories entitled Women: Six Love Stories. He was a representative of the so-called Generation of 1898. The Sonata cycle of novellas (four parts, 1902-05; translated into Russian in 1966) is united by a single theme and protagonist; these novellas ring with protest against the drabness of petit-bourgeois life. Valle-Inclán also published the trilogy Barbaric Comedies (1907-08) and The Carlist War (1908-09). The plays he wrote before World War I (La Marquesa Rosalinda, 1913, and others) contain a succession of grotesque characters. Valle-Inclán condemned World War I. His postwar plays, pamphlets, and novels reflect the growth of critical attitudes among progressive members of the Spanish intelligentsia and the influence of Russia’s October Revolution. In several grotesque novellas under the general title Shrove Tuesday (1924-26), Valle-Inclán used the dialogue form to criticize the prevailing moral climate. In the pamphlet-novel Banderas the Tyrant (1926; Russian translation 1931 and 1959), he painted a generalized satirical portrait of a dictator; the historical novels Court of Miracles (1927; Russian translation, 1936) and Long Live My Ruler (1928) are satirical portrayals of Spain on the eve of the Revolution of 1868. An opponent of fascism, Valle-Inclán led the Spanish section of an international writers’ movement active in the defense of culture. In 1933 he was elected president of the Spanish Society of Friends of the USSR.

WORKS

Opera omnia, vols. 1-30. Madrid [no date].
Obras Completas, vols. 1-2. Madrid, 1944.
In Russian translation:
Sonaty. Introduction by G. Stepanov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
Izbrannoe. Leningrad, 1969.

REFERENCESS

Gabinskii, N. “Ramon del’ Val’e Inklan.” Inostrannaia literatura, 1957, no. 7.
Kel’in, F. “Ispanskie ocherki.” Internatsional’naia literatura, 1936, no. 7.
Fernández Almagro, M. Vida y literatura de Valle-Inclán. Madrid, 1943.
Madrid F. La Vida altiva de Valle-Inclán. Buenos Aires, 1943.
Cuadernos hispanoamericanos, 1966 (July-August), nos. 199-200. (Issue devoted to Valle-Inclán.)
Speratti-Pinero, E. S. De Sonata de otoño al esperpento: Aspectos del arte de Valle-Inclán. London [1968].
Rubia, Bareia. “A Bibliography and Iconography of Valle-Inclán, 1869-1936.” University of California, Publications in Modern Philology, 1961, vol. 59.

G. V. STEPANOV 4-802-1

References in periodicals archive ?
A figura do escritor espanhol Ramon del Valle-Inclan (1866-1936) esta envolvida em uma aura de fabulas.
El Ruedo Iberico", en Ramon del Valle-Inclan, Obras Completas, III (Narrativa y ensayo), Madrid, Fundacion Jose Antonio de Castro, Biblioteca Castro, 2017, pp.
Ramon del Valle-Inclan marcho a Francia a finales de abril de 1916, invitado por el gobierno frances a visitar el frente de guerra.
Ramon del Valle-Inclan, Un jour de guerre vu des etoiles / Un dia de guerra (Vision estelar).
"Claves liricas en The Image of the Empty Center: Toward a Re-evaluation of Ramon del Valle-Inclan's Claves liricas".
"Testamento" [edicion ilustrada con vinetas de Anapurna], en Fernando Savater y Sara Torres, "Ramon del Valle-Inclan. La voz inconfundible del fabulador", Aqui viven leones.
Crippa, Francesca, "La hibridacion del discurso autobiografico en las Sonatas de Ramon del Valle-Inclan", Destiempos.
Arriba citamos las dos biografias que son bifurcacion de un proyecto, tras cuya ruptura (por el modus operandi) Joaquin del Valle-Inclan senala que "Alberca tomo la decision de publicar por su cuenta, atribuyendose toda mi labor--y la de otros--con el mas completo desparpajo" (Ramon del Valle-Inclan: genial, antiguo y moderno [Madrid: Espasa, 2015] 17).
Nos recuerda que Ramon del Valle-Inclan era "reservado, nada dado a confidencias intimas" (14), y que "en lo tocante a su infancia y vida personal, no prodigo mas que falacias" (15).
Se aborda en estas paginas un analisis y comparacion entre la tercera serie de los Episodios nacionales, de Benito Perez Galdos y la trilogia de la guerra carlista, de Ramon del Valle-Inclan. Aun teniendo un concepto bastante parecido de la Historia, ambos escritores difieren en la praxis de la escritura.
(5.) Veanse las interesantes paginas sobre La pipa de kif en el libro de Jean-Marie Lavaud Ramon del Valle-Inclan: Luces de bohemia una revolucion dramatica (26-28).
La bibliografia de Ramon del Valle-Inclan esta lejos de haber sido descrita de manera completa.