Among the topics are new light on linguistic diversity in pre-Achaemenid Aramaic: wandering Arameans or language spread, whether material evidence of Aramean influences and presences in Iron Age Judah and Israel can be found, the Battle of Ramoth-gilead and the rise of the Aramean hegemony in the southern Levant during the second half of the ninth century BCE, Babylonian scribal practices in rural contexts: a linguistic survey of the documents of Judean exiles and West Semites in Babylonia (CUSAS 28 and BaAr 6), how Mesopotamian Ahiqar the Wise was: a search for Ahiqar in cuneiform texts, and Arameans in Egypt.
The citadel of Ramoth-gilead stood guard over Israel's territory east of the Jordan River, on a site so strategic that the kings of Israel and neighboring Aram repeatedly fought to hold it, take it, or take it back.
And he [Ahaziah] went with Joram ben-Ahab to war with Hazael, King of Aram, at Ramoth-gilead, and the Aramaeans smote Joram.
Joram had been guarding Ramoth-gilead, he and all Israel, because of Hazael, King of Aram.
The sequence of events at Ramoth-gilead is not clear.
Joram, again like his father, was wounded at Ramoth-gilead.
He had presumably won back Ramoth-gilead from Aram, but that did not render Hazael any less dangerous a foe.