Ramses II


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Ramses II

(răm`sēz),

Rameses II,

or

Ramesses II

(both: răm`əsēz'), d. 1225 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty. The son of Seti ISeti I
, d. 1290 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty; son and successor of Ramses I. He succeeded to the throne c.1302 B.C. Invading Palestine and Syria, Seti I reduced them again to tributary status, and defeated the Libyans.
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, Ramses was not the heir to the throne but usurped it from his brother. He reigned for 67 years (1292–1225 B.C.). Under him Egypt acquired unprecedented splendor. His empire extended from S Syria to near the Fourth Cataract of the NileNile,
longest river in the world, c.4,160 mi (6,695 km) long from its remotest headstream, the Luvironza River in Burundi, central Africa, to its delta on the Mediterranean Sea, NE Egypt. The Nile flows northward and drains c.
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. The most notable incident of his reign was the battle near Kadesh on the Orontes, where the Egyptians were ambushed by the Hittites. Ramses, claiming to have saved his forces single-handed, had vast texts written about his personal valor. War continued with the Hittites for about 15 years until Ramses concluded a treaty of friendship (1280) with the Hittite king and married (1267) a Hittite princess.

Ramses left monuments throughout Egypt. The principal ones are probably the temple at Karnak, which he completed; the Rameseum, his mortuary temple, at Thebes; the temple at Luxor; and the great rock temple at Abu Simbel with four seated figures of the king on the facade. The period of his rule was characterized by great luxury, increased slavery, and the growth of a mercenary army, all of which led to the final decline of Egypt. He was probably the pharaoh of the exile mentioned in the Old Testament. MerneptahMerneptah
, d. c.1215 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty; son and successor of Ramses II. He succeeded (1224 B.C.) to the throne when he was already advanced in years. He quelled a revolt in Syria and repulsed a Libyan invasion of the western delta of the Nile.
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 succeeded him.

Ramses II

, Rameses II
died ?1225 bc, king of ancient Egypt (?1292--?25). His reign was marked by war with the Hittites and the construction of many colossal monuments, esp the rock temple at Abu Simbel
References in periodicals archive ?
The mummy was discovered by a Japanese team who was also digging in Luxor, home to large temple complexes built by Amenhotep II and then Ramses II.
Contract award: maintenance and concession rights to use the platform ramses ii evolution; additional benefits associated.
Ceci a commence en effet, en exploitant la tombee du soleil sur le visage de Ramses II a Abou Simbel, le 22 fevrier dernier, ainsi qu'au cours du Symposium international d'Assouan et pendant le Festival du cirque europeen.
Belgian researchers have discovered the 3,000-year-old tomb of a senior adviser to Pharaoh Ramses II in Luxor, Egypt.
Replicas of the mummified remains of Tout Engh Amon, Nefertiti and Ramses II are also among exhibits at the museum.
The image of the powerful being full of themselves and their own importance could not be more telling than the historical reference to the ancient Egyptian pharaoh Ramses II in Ozymandias.
DISCOVER Egypt is launching a 14-night cruise from Cairo to Luxor, including the temples of Ramses II at Abu Simbel, the pyramids at Giza and the Valley of the Kings.
A granite statue of Pharaoh Ramses II from 1250BC from the British Museum at the Great North Museum's new exhibition
They include Snofru as builder and unique creator of the pyramids of Seila and Meidum, the significance of Nile heights recorded under the 12th dynasty, the stela of Iuyres in the Cairo Museum, Ramses II and his dynasty as traditionalist and innovators, a New Kingdom stela from Memphis, the dance for appeasing Menhyt-Nebtou at Esna, a clay bowl with demotic inscriptions from Tuna al-Gevel, and the Arabic equivalent of the Coptic causative-infinitive.
Enter DeMille, a director with a penchant for the spectacular, who released the nearly four-hour remake of his 1923 silent film of the same name, this one starring Charlton Heston as Moses and Yul Brynner as Pharoah Ramses II, not to mention Anne Baxter, Edward G.