Ramses II


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Ramses II

(răm`sēz),

Rameses II,

or

Ramesses II

(both: răm`əsēz'), d. 1225 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty. The son of Seti ISeti I
, d. 1290 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty; son and successor of Ramses I. He succeeded to the throne c.1302 B.C. Invading Palestine and Syria, Seti I reduced them again to tributary status, and defeated the Libyans.
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, Ramses was not the heir to the throne but usurped it from his brother. He reigned for 67 years (1292–1225 B.C.). Under him Egypt acquired unprecedented splendor. His empire extended from S Syria to near the Fourth Cataract of the NileNile,
longest river in the world, c.4,160 mi (6,695 km) long from its remotest headstream, the Luvironza River in Burundi, central Africa, to its delta on the Mediterranean Sea, NE Egypt. The Nile flows northward and drains c.
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. The most notable incident of his reign was the battle near Kadesh on the Orontes, where the Egyptians were ambushed by the Hittites. Ramses, claiming to have saved his forces single-handed, had vast texts written about his personal valor. War continued with the Hittites for about 15 years until Ramses concluded a treaty of friendship (1280) with the Hittite king and married (1267) a Hittite princess.

Ramses left monuments throughout Egypt. The principal ones are probably the temple at Karnak, which he completed; the Rameseum, his mortuary temple, at Thebes; the temple at Luxor; and the great rock temple at Abu Simbel with four seated figures of the king on the facade. The period of his rule was characterized by great luxury, increased slavery, and the growth of a mercenary army, all of which led to the final decline of Egypt. He was probably the pharaoh of the exile mentioned in the Old Testament. MerneptahMerneptah
, d. c.1215 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty; son and successor of Ramses II. He succeeded (1224 B.C.) to the throne when he was already advanced in years. He quelled a revolt in Syria and repulsed a Libyan invasion of the western delta of the Nile.
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 succeeded him.

Ramses II

, Rameses II
died ?1225 bc, king of ancient Egypt (?1292--?25). His reign was marked by war with the Hittites and the construction of many colossal monuments, esp the rock temple at Abu Simbel
References in periodicals archive ?
The relocation of the column of Merenptah, the fourth king of ancient Egypt's 19th dynasty, comes more than a month after a colossus of Ramses II was brought to the site of the Grand Egyptian Museum, as the country is seeking to revive its ailing tourism industry.
The discovery, hailed by the Antiquities Ministry as one of the most important ever, was made near the ruins of Ramses II's temple in the ancient city of Heliopolis, located in the eastern part of modern-day Cairo.
Percy Bysshe Shelley's 1818 sonnet Ozymandias--which contained the line "Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!" - was written soon after the British Museum acquired a large fragment of a statue of Ramses II from the 13th century BC.
El primero esta compuesto por el llamado "Poema de Pentaur", (9) que constituye la presentacion mas detallada de la campana militar, haciendo uso de un lenguaje mas lirico y poetico, con un marcado enfasis en las cualidades de Ramses II y su relacion con Amon.
His foster brother King Ramses II (Joel Edgerton) sees him as a threat and casts him into the wilderness.
Among artworks from antiquity heading to Abu Dhabi are a 4,000-year-old statue of Mesopotamian ruler Gudea, a figurine of King Ramses II from Egypt's 19th dynasty, and a 16th century ornate Nigerian salt seller.
Christian Bale stars as Moses, Joel Edgerton as Ramses II, Aaron Paul as Joshua and Sigourney Weaver as Queen Tuya, while black actors are largely relegated to unnamed roles, some as villains.
Ceci a commence en effet, en exploitant la tombee du soleil sur le visage de Ramses II a Abou Simbel, le 22 fevrier dernier, ainsi qu'au cours du Symposium international d'Assouan et pendant le Festival du cirque europeen.
Summary: It is difficult to decide which was the greater achievement: the original construction of the temples of Ramses II at Abu Simbel out of bare rock beside the Nile, or their dismantling and reconstruction in the 1960's to save them from being flooded by the rising waters of the newly formed Lake Nasser.
A granite statue of Pharaoh Ramses II from 1250BC from the British Museum at the Great North Museum's new exhibition
A fines del siglo pasado se anuncio que unos investigadores habian descubierto que, muy probablemente, el antiguo faraon egipcio Ramses II habia muerto de tuberculosis.