Ramuz, Charles Ferdinand

Ramuz, Charles Ferdinand

(shärl fĕrdēnäN` rämüz`), 1878–1947, Swiss novelist. His works deal with the simple people of his native canton of Vaud. Among his major novels are Le Règne de l'esprit malin (1917; tr. The Region of the Evil One, 1922), Présence de la mort (1922; tr. The End of All Men, 1944), La Grand Peur dans la montagne (1926), and Derborence (1935; tr. When the Mountain Fell, 1947).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ramuz, Charles Ferdinand


Born Sept. 24, 1878, in Cully, near Lausanne in the canton of Vaud; died May 23, 1947, in Pully, near Lausanne. Swiss author.

Ramuz, whose works are written in French, graduated from the University of Lausanne. He idealized the patriarchal way of life and the peasants’ and artisans’ outlook, contrasting them with the falseness of modern bourgeois civilization. Ramuz’ first books, Aline (1905; Russian translation, 1928), The Circumstances of Life (1907), Aimé Pache, a Vaud Painter (1911), and The Life of Samuel Belet (1913) are based on the traditions of the 19th-century French psychological novel. In the 1930’s, Ramuz wrote his best novels, which unite realistic depiction of the life of ordinary people with literary mastery and profound philosophic conclusions. These works include Adam and Eve (1932), Farine! (1932), Derborence (1934), and The Savoyard Boy (1936). Ramuz welcomed the October Revolution of 1917 in Russia in his lyric philosophic essay The Great Spring (1917) and in The Need for Grealness (1937).


Oeuvres complétes, vols. 1–20. Lausanne [1940–41].
In Russian translation:
Zatravlennyi (Jean-Luc persécuté). Leningrad, 1927.


Anisimov, I.I. “Tvorchestvo Sh. F. Ramiu.” In Literatura Shveilsarii. Moscow, 1969.
Guers-Villate, Yvonne. “Ch. F. Ramuz.” Europe, July-August 1967, nos. 459–60.
Auberjonois, F. “Ch. F. Ramuz and the Way of the Anti-Poet.” In Swiss Men of Letters. London, 1970. Pharaons, 1972, no. 45. (Special issue.)
Bringolf, T. Bibliographie de l’oeuvre de Ch. F. Ramuz. [Lausanne, 1942.]


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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