Rana

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Related to Rana pipiens: Rana palustris

Rana

 

the aristocratic clan that ruled Nepal from 1846 to 1951 -52. Their ancestors, the Kunvars, took part in the creation of a centralized Nepalese state in the mid-18th century and served as qadis (ministers). During the palace crisis of 1846, as the result of a bloody coup on Sept. 15, General Jang Bahadur Rana was made prime minister and commander in chief.

The autocratic military-feudal regime of the Rana family in Nepal began in the second half of the 19th century. The office of prime minister and other high posts—especially military —became the hereditary privilege of the Ranas, with the king of the Shah dynasty being merely the nominal head of state. The domestic and foreign policies of the Ranas were conservative and held back the country’s development. The Rana regime was overthrown in 1951–52, and the clan ceased to exist as a political force. Some of its members retained high posts in the governmental apparatus, the army, and the diplomatic service.

References in periodicals archive ?
Impacts of agriculture on the parasite communities of Northern Leopard Frogs (Rana pipiens) in southern Quebec, Canada.
(1982) Response of intestinal flora of laboratory- reared leopard frogs (Rana pipiens) to cold and fasting.
Demographic parameters of leopard frogs (Rana pipiens) in West Michigan compared to published values of eastern and western clades.
For example, Rana pipiens, occurring north of the Platte River, was recorded on a route well outside its range (in Pawnee County) and may have been mistaken for R.
Iridoviruses(a,b) of herpetofauna (34) Host Virus(c) Amphibian iridoviruses Frog virus 3 Leopard frog (Rana pipiens) considered type for sympatric isolates frog virus 1, 2, 9-23 Red-spotted new eft T6-20 Notophthalamus viridescens) Bullfrog Tadpole edema virus (Rana catesbeiana) Edible frog (Rana esculenta) Rana esculenta iridovirus Ornate burrowing frog Bohle iridovirus (Limnodynastes ornatus) Cane toad (Bufo marinus) Gutapo iridovirus Common frog Rana UK virus (Rana temporaria) Common toad (Bufo bufo) Bufo UK virus Red-legged frog larvae Redwood Creek virus (Rana aurora) Tiger salamander (Ambystoma A.
Kaltenbach (1953) implanted thyroxine-cholesterol pellets under the skin of the operculum on the right side of some Rana pipiens larvae and ventral to the spiracle on the left in others.
Of special interest was the abundance of Acris crepitans (Northern Cricket Frog) and Rana pipiens (Northern Leopard Frog) at the Loblolly site.
Banas and Loesche (1988) characterized a significant decrease in the large intestinal bacterial diversity of hibernating versus non-hibernating Rana pipiens, also using conventional methodologies.
OBJECTIVES: Our aim in this study was to determine whether low concentrations of ATZ affect gonadal development and metamorphosis in the Northern leopard frog, Rana pipiens.
(2003) Atrazine-Induced Hermaphroditism at 0.1 ppb in American Leopard Frogs (Rana pipiens): Laboratory and Field Evidence.