Paschal II

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Paschal II

(păs`kəl) [Lat.,=of Easter], d. 1118, pope (1099–1118), an Italian (b. near Ravenna) named Ranieri; successor of Urban II. He was a monk and, as a reformer, was made a cardinal by Pope Gregory VII. He was a loyal supporter of Urban II as well. His reign began auspiciously. Philip I of France was reconciled with the church (1104), St. Anselm was victor in his struggle in England, and the First Crusade was a great success. Difficulties with the Roman emperor were continual, however, chiefly over the question of investitureinvestiture,
in feudalism, ceremony by which an overlord transferred a fief to a vassal or by which, in ecclesiastical law, an elected cleric received the pastoral ring and staff (the symbols of spiritual office) signifying the transfer of the office.
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. Henry IVHenry IV,
1050–1106, Holy Roman emperor (1084–1105) and German king (1056–1105), son and successor of Henry III. He was the central figure in the opening stages of the long struggle between the Holy Roman Empire and the papacy.
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 was deposed by his son Henry VHenry V,
1081–1125, Holy Roman emperor (1111–25) and German king (1105–25), son of Henry IV. Crowned joint king with his father in 1099, he put himself at the head of the party desiring reconciliation with the pope and, with the approval of Pope Paschal II,
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, with whom Paschal was allied. Henry V, however, proved no less strongly anti-investiture. He invaded Italy in 1110; negotiations between emperor and pope failed, and the emperor captured Paschal, who was compelled to surrender the papal position on investitures. Once freed, however, and encouraged by clerical protests, the pope reaffirmed the legislation against lay investiture in 1112 and 1116. The name is also spelled Pascal. He was succeeded by Gelasius II.
References in periodicals archive ?
Walter Raniero in UV-vis spectroscopy analysis are kindly acknowledged.
Fr Raniero Cantalamessa hit out over the massacre in which Al-Shabaab initially killed indiscriminately but later freed some Muslims and targeted Christian students.
Avianca Flight Operations Director Norberto Raniero states: "Our team now includes more elements to produce a competitive, alternative aviation biofuel.
Vice President of Operations at Avianca, Captain Norberto Raniero, said : "Avianca is fully committed to supporting the Byogy ATJ fuel approval process and believes it is the best solution for Avianca to achieve carbon neutrality for its operations in Brazil.
Entitled 'Fernanda Gattinoni: Fashion and Stars at the Time of Hollywood on the Tiber,' the exhibition of 24 exquisite dresses from the Fernanda and Raniero Gattinoni Historical Archive narrates the relationship between the great Italian Couturier and Hollywood's most memorable style icons of the likes of Audrey Hepburn, Lana Turner, Elizabeth Taylor and Kim Novak, all of who have turned to one name and have enthralled audiences the world over with their captivating beauty and charm.
Much like Galvano Della Volpe and Raniero Panzieri, although with decisive differences in its theoretical outputs, Timpanaro forged his materialism as he took up the task of questioning the new idealist consensus of the time.
Raniero Cantalamessa, who holds the title of preacher of the papal household, gave a religious address to the cardinals, who are sworn to secrecy.
Raniero Fontana, "Andre Neher, philosophe de l'Alliance," pp.
Raniero Cantalamessa preaching to Benedict XVI (Advent 2009) remarked that Dora Chautard's book should be entitled The Soul of the Priesthood.
I think of the Irish-American freelance writer and Latin American expert Gary MacEoin, whom many years later during one of his visits to Australia I introduced to Morris West, Desmond Fisher of England's Catholic Herald, Donald Campion SJ of America, Robert Kaiser of Time, Milton Bracker of the New York Times, Michael Novak of Commonweal, Raniero La Valle of L'Avvenire d'Italia, Henri Fesquet of Le Monde, Rene Laurentin of La Croix and James Johnson of the Kansas City Star.
THE BAKER RANIERO Lisini, 35, says bank loans are out of reach of small shops like his - Thompsons - so they can't expand.
Raniero Cantalamessa, Sober Intoxication of the Spirit: Filled with