Paschal II

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Paschal II

(păs`kəl) [Lat.,=of Easter], d. 1118, pope (1099–1118), an Italian (b. near Ravenna) named Ranieri; successor of Urban II. He was a monk and, as a reformer, was made a cardinal by Pope Gregory VII. He was a loyal supporter of Urban II as well. His reign began auspiciously. Philip I of France was reconciled with the church (1104), St. Anselm was victor in his struggle in England, and the First Crusade was a great success. Difficulties with the Roman emperor were continual, however, chiefly over the question of investitureinvestiture,
in feudalism, ceremony by which an overlord transferred a fief to a vassal or by which, in ecclesiastical law, an elected cleric received the pastoral ring and staff (the symbols of spiritual office) signifying the transfer of the office.
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. Henry IVHenry IV,
1050–1106, Holy Roman emperor (1084–1105) and German king (1056–1105), son and successor of Henry III. He was the central figure in the opening stages of the long struggle between the Holy Roman Empire and the papacy.
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 was deposed by his son Henry VHenry V,
1081–1125, Holy Roman emperor (1111–25) and German king (1105–25), son of Henry IV. Crowned joint king with his father in 1099, he put himself at the head of the party desiring reconciliation with the pope and, with the approval of Pope Paschal II,
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, with whom Paschal was allied. Henry V, however, proved no less strongly anti-investiture. He invaded Italy in 1110; negotiations between emperor and pope failed, and the emperor captured Paschal, who was compelled to surrender the papal position on investitures. Once freed, however, and encouraged by clerical protests, the pope reaffirmed the legislation against lay investiture in 1112 and 1116. The name is also spelled Pascal. He was succeeded by Gelasius II.
References in periodicals archive ?
Giusy Cardeti, [2] Cesare Ernesto Maria Gruber, [2] Claudia Eleni, Fabrizio Carletti, Concetta Castilletti, Giuseppe Manna, Francesca Rosone, Emanuela Giombini, Marina Selleri, Daniele Lapa, Vincenzo Puro, Antonino Di Caro, Raniero Lorenzetti, Maria Teresa Scicluna, Goffredo Grifoni, Annapaola Rizzoli, Valentina Tagliapietra, Lorenzo De Marco, Maria Rosaria Capobianchi, Gian Luca Autorino
Raniero Mancinelli, who has been outfitting popes since the 1960s, notes that the papal wardrobe can change greatly from pope to pope.
Among the members of the association's executive committee were socialists such as Jaures Busoni and Raniero Panzieri, but also women of the families of the main leaders of the PSI such as Giuliana Nenni, Pietro Nenni's daughter, or Carla Pertini, Sandro Pertini's wife.
Le discussioni, intense e venate di aspre polemiche, videro protagonisti Carlo Levi e Manlio Rossi-Doria, Mario Alicata e Raniero Panzieri, Carlo Muscetta e Franco Fortini, e tanti altri ancora, e riguardo, oltre che le politiche culturali e il ruolo degli intellettuali nel Mezzogiorno d'Italia, anche aspetti molto dibattuti nell'Italia degli anni Cinquanta del '900, quali quello connesso alla questione del realismo nella letteratura e nell'arte (Clemente, 1976).
von Lutz Raniero, Wolframplatz 21, 8045 Zrich, Schweiz,
For Raniero Cantalamessa, Mary is the "mirror of the Church" and the "Panaghia" the sign of thanksgiving for what God initiates internally in it (22).
Con solo 25 anos fallecio su madre en accidente de coche, despues llego la tragica muerte de su marido, Stefano Casiraghi, en 1992, y en 2005, perdio a su padre Raniero.
Commenting on the apparently benign strategies of the Italian information technology company Olivetti, which had been integrating innovation, social welfare, radical art and architecture into its factories and ethos from the 1930s, the chief theorist of Operaismo (workerism), Raniero Panzieri, remarked: 'Look at Olivetti, it is a feudal court with this vicious facade of intellectuals working on programs and research that are nothing but a masquerade of capitalism's will to integrate the whole of society.
Walter Raniero in UV-vis spectroscopy analysis are kindly acknowledged.
Fr Raniero Cantalamessa hit out over the massacre in which Al-Shabaab initially killed indiscriminately but later freed some Muslims and targeted Christian students.