Ranjbaran

Ranjbaran

 

(from Persian, literally “workers”), special categories of feudally dependent peasants.

(1) In Iran, Azerbaijan, and East Armenia during the 16th through 19th centuries, the ranjbaran were peasants who received land, water for irrigation, seeds, and work animals from a feudal lord and in return gave him part of their harvest.

(2) In certain khanates of Azerbaijan, the ranjbaran were peasants engaged exclusively in work on the personal estate of their owner. In contrast to the ru aya, the ranjbaran did not belong to village communes and were attached not to the land but to the person of the owner (hereditarily). Any raiyat could be made a ranjbaran by order of the khan. The number of ranjbaran was also increased by taking in fugitives from other khanates and by abducting captives during wars between the khanates. After the incorporation of the Transcaucasian khanates with Russia in 1846, the ranjbaran joined the common mass of serfs.

REFERENCES

Petrushevskii, I. P. Ocherki po istorii feodal’nykh otnoshenii v Azerbaidzhane i Armenii v XVI-nach. XIX vv. Leningrad, 1949.
Gasanov, I. M. “Iz istorii feodal’nykh otnoshenii v Azerbaidzhane: Randzhbary v XIX v.” In Tr. ln-ta istorii i filosofii AN Azerbaidzhanskoi SSR, 1956, vol. 9.
Sumbatzade, A. S. Sel’skoe khoziaistvo Azerbaidzhana v XIX v. Baku, 1958.
Papazian, A. D. Agrarnye otnosheniia v Vostochnoi Armenii v X VI-XVII vv. Yerevan, 1972.
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Zeinab Keshavarz [1,2], Leili Moezzi [1], Reza Ranjbaran [1], Farzaneh Aboualizadeh [1], Abbas Behzad-Behbahani [1], Masooma Abdullah [1], and Sedigheh Sharifzadeh [1] *
The Qatar Philharmonic Orchestra (QPO) will travel to the Royal Albert Hall in London this month to perform the music of Sergei Rachmaninoff, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and Iranian-American Behzad Ranjbaran in a sold-out appearance at the BBC Proms.
The book has an appendix containing the list of factories in Iran and the program of the Ranjbaran (Workmen's) party of Iran.
Ranjbaran H, Sokol SI, Gallo A, Eid RE, Lakimov AO, D'Alessio A, Kapoor JR, Akhtar S, Howes CJ, Asian M, Pfau S, Pober JS, Tellides G.
Hossein Ranjbaran, the project manager of Karoun 4 dam and hydroelectric power plant, said on Saturday that the second unit will add 250 megawatts of electricity to the country's capacity.
Puts was followed by Peruvian-American Gabriela Lena Frank and Iranian-born Behzad Ranjbaran, whose works the orchestra performed during their residency.
The second youth seen in the photo has been identified as one Ali Ranjbaran who was executed for his alleged links with the Mujahedin Khalq Islamic Marxist group.
Until then, we must relish treats such as Joshua Bell's erudite and stylish reading of this new eminently approachable new concerto by the US-based Iranian composer Behzad Ranjbaran, with its delightful mix of virtuosity with an inner, more plaintive melodic line.
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