Ranjit Singh


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Ranjit Singh

(rŭn`jĭt sĭng), 1780–1839, Indian maharaja, ruler of the Sikhs. Seizing Lahore (1799) and Amritsar (1809), he established himself as the leading Sikh chieftain. In 1809 he made a treaty with the British, by which he agreed not to expand his domain south of the Sutlej River. However, he built up a formidable army with the help of European officers and rapidly expanded his holdings to the north and west. By the time of his death he controlled all of the Punjab north of the Sutlej as well as Kashmir. At the end (1849) of the Sikh Wars most of his kingdom fell to Great Britain.

Ranjit Singh

 

Born Nov. 13, 1780, in Budrukhan, or Nov. 2, 1780, in Gujranwala; died June 27, 1839, in Lahore. Ruler of the Punjab state from 1799 to 1839.

The ruler of a small Sikh principality, Ranjit Singh began a struggle to unify Punjab lands in the 18th century. In 1799 he took possession of Lahore, the economic and cultural center of Punjab, and assumed the title of maharaja. He completed the unification of Punjab in 1810 and 1811 and created a strong centralized feudal state, which lasted until Punjab was annexed by the British after the Sikh Wars (1849).

Ranjit Singh carried out a series of internal reforms aimed at centralizing the government. His military reforms were especially significant: the army was reorganized along European lines and placed under the command of the maharaja himself, with the traditional detachments of jagirdars playing a secondary role. The military reforms allowed Ranjit Singh to conduct an active policy of conquest and to retain the obedience of regional vicegerents.

REFERENCE

Semenova, N. I. Gosudarstvo sikkhov. Moscow, 1958.

Ranjit Singh

called the Lion of the Punjab. 1780--1839; founder of the Sikh kingdom in the Punjab
References in periodicals archive ?
"He was principle officer of Ranjit Singh as well as his foreign minister," Saifuddin says.
Last year, Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal, while addressing people in Badukhan village where Maharaja Ranjit Singh was born on November 13, 1776, had claimed that his government was following the footprints of the founder of the Sikh Empire.
The Ranjit Singh method is fully explained in this column.
Defiant: Jonathan Cheetham, from the Pallasades, with Ranjit Singh Dhami.
He said that the water was so holy that according to the Sikh history, Ranjit Singh used to drink water from this temple, specially transported to Lahore for him.
Lahore Museum Additional Director Naushaba Anjum said the museum contains a rare collection of artefacts which are also from the era of Ranjit Singh.
Ranjit emphasised that he had provided all the documentary details to Ranchi police to prove that his real name was Ranjit Singh Kohli, and not Raqibul Hassan.
Brave: A raider points a gun at shopkeeper Ranjit Singh Dhami, who stands guard Fightback: Ranjit Singh Dhami.
From left are Martin Poole, RSM Robson Rhodes corporate finance manager, Ranjit Singh, chief executive of 2 Sisters Food Group, Barry Noble, finance director, 2 Sisters Food, Sukhbinder Heer, head of private equity, RSM Robson Rhodes
Armjit Singh Johal and Ranjit Singh, who own the Perfect Pizza store in Attleborough, are asking customers to come forward with nominations.
It added that the original Roshnai Gate near the Samadhi of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and Badshahi Mosque was intact and should not be confused with the smaller gate.
Summary: Amritsar (Punjab) [India], June 27 (ANI): To commemorate the 180th Death Anniversary of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, a batch of 224 Sikh devotees from the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (SGPC) left for Pakistan in a special train from Attari Railway Station on Thursday morning.