Ranunculaceae


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Related to Ranunculaceae: Ranunculales, Papaveraceae

Ranunculaceae

[rə‚nəŋ·kyə′lās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous herbs in the order Ranunculales distinguished by alternate leaves with net venation, two or more distinct carpels, and numerous stamens.

Ranunculaceae

 

(buttercup), a family of dicotyledonous plants, including herbs and, more rarely, subshrubs, shrubs, and lianas. The leaves are simple, often dissected, and divided or lobed. The flowers are generally bisexual. The simple or double perianth is either spiral or cyclic. The fruits are usually multiple fruits or multiple nuts.

There are approximately 50 genera, embracing 2,000 species, distributed primarily in the temperate and cold belts of both hemispheres. About 35 genera (more than 500 species) are found in the USSR, including Ranunculus and Delphinium, which both have a large number of species. Many species contain toxic alkaloids or glycosides. The Ranunculaceae also include many medicinal plants (Adonis, Helleborus) and ornamentals (Aconitum, Delphinium, Caltha, Aquilegia, Clematis). Many species bloom in early spring (Anemone, Hepatica). Some genera of Ranunculaceae, especially Paeonia, are often classified in a separate family.

REFERENCES

Flora SSSR, vol. 7. Moscow-Leningrad, 1937.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. MoscowLeningrad, 1966.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The ten families with the highest number of taxa were Poaceae (42 spp., 12.7%), Asteraceae (38 spp., 11.5%), Cyperaceae (25 spp., 7.5%), Rosaceae (19 spp., 5.7%), Fabaceae (11 spp., 3.3%), Fagaceae (9 spp., 2.7%), Lamiaceae (9 spp., 2.7%), Apiaceae (7 spp., 2.1%), Polygonaceae (7 spp., 2.1%), and Ranunculaceae (7 spp., 2.1%).
* x 0 Bartsia rigida Molau x x Ranunculaceae Thalictrum peruvianum Trinidad & x 0 A.
Soldanella alpina Pteridophytes 1.36 [+ or -] 0.68 Pteridophyte Ranunculaceae 0.02 [+ or -] 0.01 Clematis alpina Ranunculus sp.
punctatum Elliot IS-LB H Ranunculaceae Clematis montevidensis Spreng.
But it is not a member of the rue family - it belongs to the buttercup family Ranunculaceae.
Se reconocieron 46 especies, representantes de 42 generos y 29 familias; de estas, la familia Liliaceae presento seis asignaciones taxonomicas, seguida de las Asteraceae y las Ranunculaceae, con cuatro especies cada una.
A total of 36 plants were identified from the GB in a case study and identified at Islamabad Herbarium, Quaid e Aam University, Islamabad, out of which 9 species from Asteraceae family representing maximum (25 per cent) followed by Ranunculaceae family (13.9 per cent) and Fabaceae (11.1 per cent).
Seeds of Nigella sativa, a dicotyledon of the Ranunculaceae family, have been employed for thousands of years as a spice and food preservative.
Insecticidal activity of Trachyspermum ammi (Umbelliferae), Anethum graveolens (Umbelliferae) and Nigella sativa (Ranunculaceae) essential oils against stored-product beetle Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae).
2 Headache, Seeds of Nigella sativa L dizziness (Ranunculaceae) are thoroughly with juice obtained from macerated roots of shonkhai lota (unidentified).
North East Alpine Garden Society, talk, Ranunculaceae, by Peter Cunnington, St Mary''s Church Hall, Ponteland, 7.30pm Whickham Flower Club, workshop, Community Centre, Front Street, 7.30pm.
This means that plants with simple, single flowers in the daisy family, Asteraceae, the rose family, Rosaceae and the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae are among the best.