Despite these obstacles, Raol is showing farming communities how they can benefit economically from helping to save dwindling rhino and other wildlife populations.
What's needed, says Raol, is more "landscape-level planning" that takes into account the needs of wildlife, of the environment, and of farming communities.
This terrifying omen continued for a number of days, even after the city had fallen, and Raol recalled the reaction of his Anglo-Norman comrades:
The descriptions of these events by Arnulf and Duodechin make it clear that news of the miraculous healings spread rapidly throughout the crusading armies, yet Raol barely mentions this excitement, despite the support a miracle-working martyr would undoubtedly provide any effort to justify the decision to remain in Lisbon.
Yet perhaps most revealing is the unequivocal rejection of this offer which Raol attributes to a Muslim elder:
To some onlookers, Raol among them, rather than being impelled by either piety or ideology, Afonso Henriques simply pursued his own longstanding, expansionist ambitions.