Raoul Dufy


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Dufy, Raoul

(räo͞ol` düfē`), 1877–1953, French painter, illustrator, and decorator, studied at the École des Beaux-Arts. After meeting Matisse he abandoned his early impressionist style and turned c.1905 to the more spontaneous expression of fauvismfauvism
[Fr. fauve=wild beast], name derisively hurled at and cheerfully adopted by a group of French painters, including Matisse, Rouault, Derain, Vlaminck, Friesz, Marquet, van Dongen, Braque, and Dufy.
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. For a time he designed fabrics for the dressmaker Paul Poiret and illustrated books, including the writings of Apollinaire, Mallarmé, and Gide. Using swift, stenographic brushstrokes, he developed a remarkable linear virtuosity and brilliant color. Typical is his watercolor The Palm (Mus. of Modern Art, New York City).

Bibliography

See biography by R. Cogniat (1962); study by A. Werner (1970).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dufy, Raoul

 

Born June 3, 1877, in Le Havre; died Mar. 23, 1953, in Forcalquier, Provence. French painter, graphic artist, and stage designer.

Dufy studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1900 to 1901. Influenced at first by impressionism, he worked in the fauvist style from 1905 to 1908. His art reflects a deeply subjective perception of the world, typical of most 20th-century Western European art. Seeking to capture the cheerful and festive side of life in his paintings and watercolors, Dufy depicted horse races, regattas, and concerts. His art is distinguished by a use of light washes of color and a sketchiness of design. In many of his paintings colored areas are not bound by contoured lines; this deprives the forms of a sense of plastic unity. Dufy also illustrated books and designed fabrics, tapestries, and decorative panels. He was also a ceramist.

REFERENCE

Lassaigne, J. Dufy, Geneva, 1954.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Raoul Dufy's paintings don't necessarily show people drinking wine, but promote the type of atmosphere Nicolas wanted to convey.
(1) Cited here from the version in Guillaume Apollinaire, Alcools suivi de Le Bestiaire illustre par Raoul Dufy et de Vitam impendere amori (Paris: Gallimard, 1920; repr.
Marjorie Running Wharton examines the aesthetic and technical relationships between Poulenc and the artist Raoul Dufy, whose woodcuts illustrate the volume of poetry from which the composer drew the texts for his first songs.
Painting: Interior with Open Window, 1928, Raoul Dufy, Galerie Daniel Malingue, Paris.
RAOUL DUFY'S pictures always have been enjoyed for their beauty and celebration of life, but there is a depth unplumbed by museums until now.
And the Vieux Port of Marseilles is a magic place in which to assist, especially at dusk--that blue hour--when the masts of the little boats, the flags, and the twinkling lights on the water suggest a painting by Raoul Dufy, while more than a few of the local inhabitants drinking at the cafes fringing the harbor remind you that this is Marcel Pagnol territory.
The most famous of his modernistic ballets are Parade (1917), with music by Eric Satie and scenery by Picasso; Le Boeuf sur le toit (1920), with music by Darius Milhaud and decor by Raoul Dufy; and Les Maries de la tour Eiffel (1921), with music by Les Six.
HAPPY BIRTHDAY to Raoul Dufy (June 3, 1877), Damien Hirst (June 7, 1965), M.
Keep an eye out for the Cubist-inflected Statue with Two Vases of 1908 by Raoul Dufy (Thomas Salis); Emil Nolde's vibrant and characteristically expressionist Drei Frauen (Profil nach rechts) of 1938-45 (Rotermund Kunsthandel); and Franz Marc's lively Prancing Pony from 1912, an example of the painted postcards he often sent to artist friends (Dr Moeller & Cie).
Another significant influence was Raoul Dufy, whose vibrant watercolors inspired her lively studies of floral patterns.