Raoul Wallenberg


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Raoul Wallenberg
Birthday
BirthplaceLidingö Municipality, Sweden
Died
NationalitySwedish
Occupation
Diplomat

Wallenberg, Raoul

(räo͞ol` văl`ĕnbâr) 1912–47, Swedish diplomat and businessman. In 1944, he was assigned to Sweden's legation in Budapest, where he helped save approximately 100,000 Hungarian Jews from Nazi extermination in an effort secretly supported by the U.S. War Refugee Board. He issued Swedish passports to approximately 20,000 Jews and sheltered others in houses he bought or rented. Adolf EichmannEichmann, Adolf
, 1906–62, German National Socialist official. A member of the Austrian Nazi party, he headed the Austrian office for Jewish emigration (1938). His zeal in deporting Jews brought him promotion (1939) to chief of the Gestapo's Jewish section.
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, heading the transport of Jews to concentration camps, demanded that Wallenberg stop these activities and ordered his assassination, but the attempt failed. In 1945, the Soviets, who had just entered Budapest, imprisoned him, possibly because of secret work he was doing for U.S. Office of Strategic ServicesOffice of Strategic Services
(OSS), U.S. agency created (1942) during World War II under the jurisdiction of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for the purpose of obtaining information about enemy nations and of sabotaging their war potential and morale. Headed by William J.
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. In 1957 the Soviet government announced that he had died in prison of a heart attack in 1947, but he was reported seen at later dates. In 1991 Soviet authorities released KGB records that, although they did not contain proof that Wallenberg was dead, appeared to confirm that he had died in 1947, most likely by execution. His execution was corroborated by the diaries of the original head of the KGB, Ivan A. Serov, which were published in a condensed version in 2016. He was made an honorary U.S. citizen in 1981.

Bibliography

See J. Bierman, Righteous Gentile (1981), K. Marton, Wallenberg: Missing Hero (1982, repr. 1995).

References in periodicals archive ?
In that way, then, Raoul Wallenberg not only displayed incredible personal courage, but when he acted he did so in direct contravention to the dominant legal and moral order.
Carlberg writes that "those responsible for the archives of the Russian security service (FSB) assume that this prisoner number seven was, 'in all likelihood,' Raoul Wallenberg, thereby indicating that he may not have died on July 17.
The fate of Raoul Wallenberg has remained a mystery for seventy years, and Alan Lelchuk's novel Searching for Wallenberg uses a fictional investigation to explore the real question of what happened.
That honor set him alongside Oskar Schindler and Raoul Wallenberg to recognize the fact that an ordinary American can do extraordinary things in life.
Looking back at one of modern Sweden's proudest moments, Obama will also pay tribute to Raoul Wallenberg, a Swedish diplomat who saved thousands of Hungarian Jews during the last stages of the Holocaust in 1944 and 1945.
With a skate history that's over 25 years deep, San Francisco's Raoul Wallenberg School is one of legendary proportions.
Levine awarded Raoul Wallenberg Foundation medal(C)2012] ENPublishing - http://www.
Deputy Secretary General Jan Eliasson addressed the full auditorium of UN diplomats and Holocaust survivors to commemorate the centennial of the birth of Raoul Wallenberg, the young Swedish diplomat who almost single-handedly saved between tens and hundreds of thousands of Hungarian Jews toward the end of World War II.
00, local Isreal time, Monday 30 April 2012, at 24 Raoul Wallenberg Street, Tel Aviv, Isreal.
Alex Kershaw's "The Envoy: The Epic Rescue of the Last Jews of Europe in the Desperate Closing Months of World War II" describes the efforts of Raoul Wallenberg to save over 100,000 Jews from the gas chambers of Auschwitz and other death camps.
Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law.
Mohammed bin Abdulkareem Al-Eissa received here today a delegation of Sweden Academy&'s Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law (RWI).