Raoul Wallenberg

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Raoul Wallenberg
BirthplaceLidingö Municipality, Sweden

Wallenberg, Raoul

(räo͞ol` văl`ĕnbâr) 1912–47, Swedish diplomat and businessman. In 1944, he was assigned to Sweden's legation in Budapest, where he helped save approximately 100,000 Hungarian Jews from Nazi extermination in an effort secretly supported by the U.S. War Refugee Board. He issued Swedish passports to approximately 20,000 Jews and sheltered others in houses he bought or rented. Adolf EichmannEichmann, Adolf
, 1906–62, German National Socialist official. A member of the Austrian Nazi party, he headed the Austrian office for Jewish emigration (1938). His zeal in deporting Jews brought him promotion (1939) to chief of the Gestapo's Jewish section.
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, heading the transport of Jews to concentration camps, demanded that Wallenberg stop these activities and ordered his assassination, but the attempt failed. In 1945, the Soviets, who had just entered Budapest, imprisoned him, possibly because of secret work he was doing for U.S. Office of Strategic ServicesOffice of Strategic Services
(OSS), U.S. agency created (1942) during World War II under the jurisdiction of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for the purpose of obtaining information about enemy nations and of sabotaging their war potential and morale. Headed by William J.
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. In 1957 the Soviet government announced that he had died in prison of a heart attack in 1947, but he was reported seen at later dates. In 1991 Soviet authorities released KGB records that, although they did not contain proof that Wallenberg was dead, appeared to confirm that he had died in 1947, most likely by execution. His execution was corroborated by the diaries of the original head of the KGB, Ivan A. Serov, which were published in a condensed version in 2016. He was made an honorary U.S. citizen in 1981.


See J. Bierman, Righteous Gentile (1981), K. Marton, Wallenberg: Missing Hero (1982, repr. 1995).

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References in periodicals archive ?
This led me to approach UN secretary-general Annan, and in fact, back in August 2002, on occasion of Raoul Wallenberg's 90th birthday, I was kindly invited by him and Nane to have tea at their New York residence, together with my wife, Perla.
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17, 1945, Soviet and Polish forces liberated Warsaw during World War II; Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews, disappeared in Hungary while in Soviet custody.
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"I'm still on a high from presenting President Obama to the synagogue on Rosh Hashanah," said Posner-Korosi, describing a visit to Stockholm last year during which Obama also honored Raoul Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat who risked his life to save tens of thousands of Hungarian Jews.
Thomas Keneally and Steven Spielberg--in book and movie--introduced Oskar Schindler and his "list." (1) Swedish executive and diplomat Raoul Wallenberg used deception, bribery, and "protection passes" to help thousands of Hungarian Jews escape persecution and death in 1944 and 1945--at the expense of his own life.
Looking back at one of modern Sweden's proudest moments, Obama will also pay tribute to Raoul Wallenberg, a Swedish diplomat who saved thousands of Hungarian Jews during the last stages of the Holocaust in 1944 and 1945.
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Deputy Secretary General Jan Eliasson addressed the full auditorium of UN diplomats and Holocaust survivors to commemorate the centennial of the birth of Raoul Wallenberg, the young Swedish diplomat who almost single-handedly saved between tens and hundreds of thousands of Hungarian Jews toward the end of World War II.
As a result, RADVISION has called an Extraordinary General Meeting of shareholders to vote on the merger at 10.00, local Isreal time, Monday 30 April 2012, at 24 Raoul Wallenberg Street, Tel Aviv, Isreal.