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a basic category of ancient Indian poetics. In a broad sense it denotes aesthetic enjoyment and perception. The treatise Natyasastra (approximately second to fourth centuries) formulated the ways to achieve aesthetic enjoyment during a theatrical performance. The Natyasastra defines erotic, comic, angry, heroic, and sorrowful rasa, as well as rasa of fear, revulsion, and wonder.

In his treatise Abhinavabharati the philosopher Abhinava-gupta (tenth to 11th centuries) formulated a doctrine that correlated rasa with the basic emotional complexes in the subconscious mind. These complexes generally manifest themselves as simple feelings, such as love, anger, or grief, but under the influence of an aesthetic object, which is incapable of evoking egoistic desires and emotions, the complexes are transformed into rasa and provide only enjoyment. According to Abhina-vagupta, a prerequisite of rasa is the involuntary identification of the aesthetic subject (the reader or viewer) with such aesthetic objects as the protagonists of a narrative poem or drama. The aesthetic object is then perceived independently of specific individuals and events. The chief means of arousing rasa is considered to be dhvani, and the concept of dhvani-rasa became a cardinal doctrine of medieval Indian poetics.


Istoriia estetiki: Pamiatniki mirovoi esteticheskoi mysli, vol. 1. Moscow, 1962.
Grintser, P. A. “Teoriia esteticheskogo vospriiatiia (“rasa”) v drevnein-diiskoi poetike.” Voprosy literatury, 1966, no. 2.
Anandavardkhana: Dkhvan’ialoka (“Svet dkhvani”). Translation from Sanskrit, introduction, and commentary by lu. A. Alikhanova. Moscow, 1974.
Gnoli, R. The Aesthetic Experience According to Abhinavagupta. Rome, 1956.


References in periodicals archive ?
Cops at the station also chipped in to buy Raso a new set of headphones, since his broke when he restrained the attacker.
No solo raso (Cambissolo Haplico carbonatico tipico), nao houve grande variacao na distribuicao vertical das fracoes areia, silte e argila, conferindo classe textural do tipo franco-argilo-arenosa (SANTOS et al.
El ejemplar reconocido procede de la casa A-3 del castro de El Raso y sus dimensiones son 15 x 2,2 x 4 cm (Fig.
Lo (2009) raso, kad svarbiausi imones konkurencingumo veiksniai yra sie: produkto finansinis pagristumas, technines galimybes, valdymo galimybes, sauga ir sveikata, reputacija, kokybe, statybu trukme, kaina, organizacine struktura, rinkodara, socialine itaka, itaka projekto tikslams, projekto kokybe.
donde: RASo y RASmod representan el RAS en el agua de riego una vez infiltrada en el suelo, en la que la concentracion de todos los iones y sales se expresan en [mmol.
Kahn'as raso apie architektura kaip apie menines kurybos sriti.
6) Os resultados foram publicados em Raso, Mello, de Deus e Jesus (2007), Raso e Ulisses (2008) e Raso e Mello (no prelo).
Englewood Cliffs attorney Silvana Raso, who represents the college, stressed two factors that led to its legal victory.
Notodiaptomus deitersi was registered in Paiva Castro Reservoir (Higher Tiete River basin), Ibitinga Reservoir (Tiete/ Jacare basin), Porto Raso Reservoir and Barra Reservoir (Ribeira do Iguape basin).
Fellow seniors Analisa Schaaf, Danielle Borgrebbe, Kathryn Raso and Kayla Kilpatrick combined for 15 points for Chaminade (17-8, 6-3), which outscored Harvard-Westlake 33-18 in the second half.