Rassam, Hormuzd(hôrmo͝ozd` räsäm`), 1826–1910, Turkish archaeologist. He assisted Sir Austen Henry LayardLayard, Sir Austen Henry
, 1817–94, English archaeologist and diplomat. Between 1842 and 1851 he explored and excavated in Mesopotamia, especially at Nineveh. In the period from 1852 to 1869 he held various government positions, including those of under secretary of
..... Click the link for more information. in Nineveh in 1845–47 and 1849–51, studying at Oxford in the years between. While in charge (1852–54) of excavations for the British Museum, he discovered at Nineveh the palace of Assurbanipal. Later during fieldwork (1872–82) in Assyria and Babylonia he identified and partially excavated the site of Sippar. He wrote Narrative of the British Mission to Theodore, King of Abyssinia (1869) and Asshur and the Land of Nimrod (1897).
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