ceiling

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ceiling

1. the inner upper surface of a room
2. 
a. an upper limit, such as one set by regulation on prices or wages
b. (as modifier): ceiling prices
3. the upper altitude to which an aircraft can climb measured under specified conditions
4. Meteorol the highest level in the atmosphere from which the earth's surface is visible at a particular time, usually the base of a cloud layer
5. a wooden or metal surface fixed to the interior frames of a vessel for rigidity

Ceiling

The undercovering of a roof or floor; generally concealing the structural members from the room or roof above, or the underside surface. It may have a flat or curved surface, and be self-supporting, suspended from the floor above, or supported from hidden or exposed beams.

exposed ceiling

A ceiling in which all the structural and mechanical systems are left exposed, either in their natural state or painted.

false ceiling

A ceiling suspended or hung from the floor above, which hides the underneath structure and provides a space for the mechanical systems, wires and ducts.

luminous ceiling

A system in which the whole ceiling is translucent with lamps that are installed above and suspended from a structural ceiling.

suspended ceiling

A nonstructural ceiling suspended below the overhead structural slab or from the structural elements of a building and not bearing on the walls.

Ceiling

 

the overhead inside lining of a room; a group of structural elements forming a secondary covering that is suspended from the roof.

Ceilings’ may be smooth or have projecting ribs, coffers, or other sculptured details. Smooth ceilings may or may not cover beams. They are made from plaster, boards, or sheeting materials. Suspended ceilings are used mainly to provide better sound absorption and to increase the sound insulation of the roof. They also conceal ventilation ducts, heating pipes, and electrical wiring. Such ceilings are used as decorative elements in interior design.

In modern mass-scale housing construction, the smoothing of seams and painting constitute the principal method for finishing ceilings made of slabs and panels. In public buildings, ceilings are more and more often being faced with slab materials having good acoustic properties. Such materials include perforated aluminum panels and porous plasterboard with a sound-absorbent fiberglass layer. In a room whose ceiling serves as an element of interior design, more decorative painted or sculptured finishes are used.

Z. A. KAZBEK-KAZIEV

ceiling

[′sē·liŋ]
(building construction)
The covering made of plaster, boards, or other material that constitutes the overhead surface in a room.
(mathematics)
The smallest integer that is equal to or greater than a given real number a ; symbolized ⌈ a ⌉.
(meteorology)
In the United States, the height ascribed to the lowest layer of clouds or of obscuring phenomena when it is reported as broken, overcast, or obscuration and not classified as thin or partial.

ceiling

The overhead surface of a room, usually a covering or decorative treatment used to conceal the floor above or the roof.

ceiling

i. The height above the ground or water of the base of the lowest layer of cloud below 6000 m (20,000 ft), covering more than half the sky (ICAO). The term also refers to the vertical visibility in a surface-based layer that completely obscures the whole sky, whichever is lesser.
ii. The highest pressure altitude that can be reached by an aircraft, excepting a zoom climb. At this altitude, the aircraft rate of climb is zero. Also called absolute ceiling.
References in periodicals archive ?
With CBR at 10 per cent since September 2016 when the interest rate caps came into effect, money in deposit accounts has been receiving seven per cent in interest per year while borrowers are charged a maximum of 14 per cent per year.
The real estate sector has been hurt from a politically charged environment that kept investors away for most of this year and the adverse effects of an interest rate caps law introduced just over a year ago.
Risk-averse commercial banks suspended unsecured lending to small businesses and homes since the onset of the rate caps in September 2016, raising their stock of cash for investment in government securities.The High Court in March declared unconstitutional section 33B of the Banking Act, which introduced rate capping but suspended the enforcement of the ruling for 12 months to give Parliament time to amend the law.
The family hourly rate cap will increase from $25.48 to $32.00 per hour and the Additional Child Care Subsidy rate will increase from $30.58 to $38.40 per hour, starting 1 January 2019.
Summary: Kenyan banks have welcomed the government's proposal to end interest rate caps, but the threat of new taxes is causing them consternation.
George Mutua says: "We expect the interest rate caps to be repealed through an act of parliament -- sometimes in 2018.
FCC, (1) the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit granted in part and denied in part petitions for review of the FCC's order regulating inmate calling services ("ICS") by setting permanent rate caps and ancillary fee caps for interstate and intrastate ICS calls.
Following in the footsteps of several African countries seeking to protect consumers, Kenya has enacted interest rate caps.
Summary: Following in the footsteps of several African countries seeking to protect consumers, Kenya has enacted interest rate caps
Liberal Democrat business minister Jo Swinson warned in September interest rate caps to tackle payday lenders could result in "unintended consequences".
LABOUR MP Stella Creasy says countries with interest rate caps on credit have less illegal loan sharking - and blames ministers for not following suit.
Second quarter 2010 net income included net charges relating to the mark-to-market of interest rate caps and share-based compensation of USD10.7 million or USD0.09 per basic and diluted share, net of tax.