Rauschenbusch, Walter (rouˈshənbo͝osh), 1861–1918, American clergyman, b. Rochester, N.Y. In 1886 he was ordained and began work among German immigrants as pastor of the Second German Baptist Church in New York City. He studied (1891–92) economics and theology at the Univ. of Berlin and industrial relations in England, where he became acquainted with the Fabian Society. In 1902 he was appointed professor of church history at Rochester Theological Seminary. He was a leading figure in the Social Gospel movement, which sought to rectify economic and social injustice. His writings include Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Christianizing the Social Order (1912), The Social Principles of Jesus (1916), and A Theology for the Social Gospel (1917).
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Rauschenbusch, Walter(1861–1918) Protestant religious leader; born in Rochester, N.Y. The son of an immigrant German clergyman, he studied in Germany and returned home to graduate from the Rochester Theological Seminary in 1887. His experience as pastor of an impoverished German immigrant parish in New York City turned him to the Social Gospel movement, of which he became a leader. In 1897 he left parish work to become a professor at the Rochester seminary. His book, A Theology for the Social Gospel, appeared in 1917.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.