Rauwolfia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Rauwolfia: Rauwolfia serpentina

Rauwolfia

[rau̇′wu̇l·fē·ə]
(botany)
A genus of mostly poisonous, tropical trees and shrubs of the dogbane family (Apocynaceae); certain species yield substances used as emetics and cathartics, while R. serpentina is a source of alkaloids used as tranquilizers.
References in periodicals archive ?
Important plant species in this family are Thevetia peruviana, Allamanda cathartica, Nerium oleander, Catharanthus roseus, Rauwolfia serpentina etc.
This synergy of action was at the core of Beljanski's preoccupation in the 1970s when he first studied Pao pereira, a bark from a South American tree, and Rauwolfia vomitoria, coming from an African bush.
Las familias mas representativas en los dos estadios sucesionales fueron Fabaceae, Apocynaceae e Malvaeeae, pero la composicion de especies difirio entre los estadios intermedios y tardios: las espeies con mayor valor de importancia en el estadio intermedio fueron Myracrodruon urundeuva, Rauwolfia sellowii e Inga platyptera, mientras que Anadenanthera colubrina, Myracrodruon urundeuva y Bauhinia brevipes predominaron en el tardio.
In periodate oxidation studies of the purified polysaccharide (450gm) from Rauwolfia Serpentina Benth.
(22) Healers commonly use the plant Rauwolfia, a relative of orthodox antipsychotic drugs, to sedate patients.
Web 1852 Euholarrhenoxylon aisnense Wood Lutetian Gros 1993 Pamapocynaceoxylon Wood Maastrichtian barghoorni Wheeler, Lee et Marten 1987 Phyllantera vectensis Reid Seed Early-Middle et Chandler 1926 Oligocene Rauwolfia Pollen Middle Oligocene Tabernaemontana cf.
Alfalfa Tablets Hoodia gordomi Apricot Powder Iron Tablets Carrageenan Powder Joint Advanced Citrus Bioflavonoid Joint Shield Advanced Devil's Claw Powder Lemon Bioflavonoid Echinacea Purpurea Powder Multivitamin for Woman Empty Gelatin Blue Capsules Psyllium Husk Capsules Empty Gelatin Red Capsules Strawberry Powder Fibre Tablets Rauwolfia vomitoria Flaxseed Oil Capsules Spirulina Tablets Flax Tablets Vitamin: One-A-Day (Men) Garlic Parsley Tablets Wheat Germ Oil Capsules Ginkgo Biloba Powder Whey Powder Golden Seal Zinc Gluconate Grape Skin and Blueberry
Rauwolfia is responsible for initiating serious consideration of plants long used by herbalists.
Agents to be avoided include American hellebore, butterbur or other petasites, kava, marijuana, melatonin (available only as an orphan drug in the United States), mugwort, passion flower, quassia, rauwolfia, Siberian ginseng, taumelloolch, tulip tree, and valerian.
The other compound is Rauwolfia vomitoria extract, a tropical African shrub traditionally used as a laxative and hormonal regulator.
Of concern for locals is that the increasing demand for Patalkot's flora has meant important medicinal plants--such as Gudmar (Gymnema sylvestre), Kalihari (Gloriosa superba) and Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentine)--are on the verge of extinction.