Rauwolfia

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Rauwolfia

[rau̇′wu̇l·fē·ə]
(botany)
A genus of mostly poisonous, tropical trees and shrubs of the dogbane family (Apocynaceae); certain species yield substances used as emetics and cathartics, while R. serpentina is a source of alkaloids used as tranquilizers.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rauwolfia serpentina has been used in Indian folk medicine for thousands of years to treat a wide variety of maladies, including snake and insect bites, febrile conditions, malaria, abdominal pain, and dysentery.
The probable reaction of periodate consumption of Rauwolfia serpentina Benth.
10 mg iron, 250 mg juice from barks of Saraca asoca, 125 mg of juice from Withania somnifera, 60 mg of Piper cubeba, 60 mg of juice from upper part of stems of Abroma augusta and 50 mg of juice from Rauwolfia serpentina is mixed together.
Preparation of sample by microwave method: Four samples of Rauwolfia serpentina aqueous extracts were weighed about 500 mg each and transferred into four fluorocarbon microwave vessel.
Bark of Abroma augusta was used in combination with bark of Saraca asoca and bark or root of Rauwolfia serpentina for treatment of any rise of blood pressure during night.
Rauwolfia serpentina, used by the TMP to treat high blood pressure has long been established in the scientific literature as an effective treatment for this disorder (Vakil, 1955).
The leaves and roots of Rauwolfia serpentina were used for treatment of high blood pressure by the Pankho practitioners.
Tribals of India, Nepal and Bangladesh use the plant Rauwolfia serpentina to treat a wide variety of ailments like snake bite, insect and animal bite, mental illness, schizophrenia, hypertension, blood pressure, gastrointestinal diseases, circulatory disorders, pneumonia, fever, malaria, asthma, skin diseases, scabies, eye diseases, spleen diseases, AIDS, rheumatism, body pain, and veterinary diseases (Dey and De, 2011); the Khumi healer used the plant for treatment of constipation.
The five anti-hypertensive plants were Catharanthus roseus, Rauwolfia serpentina, Calotropis gigantea, Ficus religiosa, and Curcuma longa.