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a concentration camp for women in Germany, near the city of Fürstenberg (now in the German Democratic Republic).

From 1939 to 1945, 132,000 women and several hundred children from 23 countries of Europe passed through the camp; 93,000 people were exterminated there. “Medical experiments,” such as sterilization and inoculation with infectious diseases, were widely practiced in Ravensbrück. Antifascist resistance groups operated in the camp. On Apr. 30, 1945, the prisoners of Ravensbrück were freed by the Soviet Army. A monument to the victims of fascism and a memorial museum now stand on the site of the former camp.


Niurnbergskii protsess nad glavnymi nemetskimi voennymi prestupnikami, vol. 4. Moscow, 1959. Pages 295–554.
Zhenshchiny Ravensbriuka. Moscow, 1960. (Translated from German.)
Oni pobedili smert’, 2nd ed. [Moscow, 1961.]