Raymond Lefebvre

Lefebvre, Raymond


Born Apr. 24, 1891, in Vire in the department of Calvados; died presumably Oct. 1, 1920. French writer, publicist, and public figure.

Lefebvre was born into a bourgeois family. He was educated as a lawyer. He fought in World War I—a war which he vigorously condemned. In 1917 he was wounded and subsequently discharged.

Lefebvre became a member of the French Socialist Party in 1916. Along with P. Vaillant-Couturier and H. Barbusse, he founded the Association Républicaine des Anciens Combattants in the War (1917). He was a member of the progressive socioliterary association Clarté. As a left-wing French socialist, Lefebvre sought to link the French Socialist Party with the Comintern. He was a frequent contributor to the socialist press. Lefebvre was a delegate to the Second Congress of the Comintern (July-August, 1920). On his return voyage to France, he perished during a storm in the Barents Sea.

Lefebvre wrote a number of pamphlets, including The International of Soviets (1919) and Revolution or Death! (1920). With P. Vaillant-Couturier he published the collection of short stories Soldiers’ War (1919; Russian translation, 1923), a truthful account of the horrors of war and the growth of consciousness of soldiers at the front. Lefebvre’s novel Abraham’s Sacrifice (1919; Russian translations, 1923, 1926, and 1968) depicts the fate of members of the intelligentsia during the war. Lefebvre’s talent as a satirist is evident in his autobiographical book A Sponge Dipped in Vinegar (1921; Russian translation, 1923).


Istorila frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1963.
Narkir’er, F. S. “R. Lefevr” In Frantsuzskaia revoliutsionnaia literatura (1914–1924). Moscow, 1965.
Moussinac, L. “Il y a 70 ans naissait R. Lefebvre.” L‘Humanité, Apr.24, 1961, no. 5180.


References in periodicals archive ?
En septembre 1914, Drieu confie a Raymond Lefebvre : << Au moment de la charge, j'ai connu la plus forte joie de ma vie.
Le dialogue direct ou indirect de Drieu avec Raymond Lefebvre pour lequel, jusqu'a la fin, il gardera une grande estime (34), dessine assez bien l'evolution.
En novembre 1917, l'Association republicaine des anciens combattants avait ete fondee, en particulier par Henri Barbusse, son premier president, mais aussi, Paul Couturier et Raymond Lefebvre.
A priest officiates too - Fr Raymond Lefebvre is a rebel priest and hero to the gay and lesbian community in New York.
Raymond Lefebvre issues a challenge to the Catholic community and the viewer as the wedding ceremony begins.
HAPPY DAY: Campaigning gay couple Brendan and Tom with Fr Raymond Lefebvre, the rebel New York priest who performed their wedding ceremony
The presiding priest will be a long-time friend, Catholic cleric Fr Raymond Lefebvre.
The results of the study, based on a national sampling of 1,500 Americans early this year, are reassuring, said outgoing NDMA chairman Raymond LeFebvre at the association's annual meeting here last month.
Full browser ?