Raymond VI

Raymond VI,

1156–1222, count of Toulouse (c.1194–1222). His tolerant attitude toward the AlbigensesAlbigenses
[Lat.,=people of Albi, one of their centers], religious sect of S France in the Middle Ages. Beliefs and Practices

Officially known as heretics, they were actually Cathari, Provençal adherents of a doctrine similar to the Manichaean dualistic
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 resulted in his repeated excommunication, although he temporarily made peace with the church in 1209. Attacked (1211) by Simon de MontfortMontfort, Simon de
, c.1160–1218, count of Montfort and earl of Leicester. A participant in the Fourth Crusade (1202–4), he did not join in the sack of Constantinople, but instead proceeded to Syria. He later led the crusade against the Albigenses.
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, he received the support of his brother-in-law Peter II of Aragón. In 1213 he and Peter were defeated at Muret, and Raymond went into exile in England. Although obliged to grant Toulouse and Montauban to Montfort and Provence to his own son, Raymond VI returned (1217) and fought with his son against Montfort and Montfort's son. By the time of his death, Raymond had recaptured almost all of his territory for his son.
References in periodicals archive ?
Le Jardin Raymond VI, allees Charles-de-Fitte a Toulouse, accueillera les 28, 29 et 30 juin courant, la 5 e edition du Festival culturel marocain de Toulouse.
For the reader, more than 200 years pass as popes and emperors die, and Raymond V of Toulouse gives way to Raymond VI and Raymond VII.
When Raymond VI of Toulouse is slow to pursue local heretics, the pope's legate has him stripped to the waist, flogged and dragged on his knees to the church altar and forced to swear support for the crusade.
Usher and Foster have two children together - Usher Raymond VI, four, and Naviyd Ely Raymond, three.
Count Raymond VI took as his fourth wife Jeanne, the daughter of King Henry II of England and his troublesome wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine, who had already been divorced by King Louis VII of France and would later be imprisoned and divorced by King Henry himself.
Raymond VI was excommunicated by Pope Innocent III in 1207 for, among other transgressions, being too tolerant of heretics.
In his letter of March 10, 1208, in which he describes the murder of Pierre de Castelnau and instigates the crusade against Raymond VI of Toulouse, Pope Innocent indicated his clear and unequivocal intention that 'Catholic inhabitants will take over from the displaced heretics' in the region.
It is not difficult to track the dispossession of members of nobility once the Albigensian Crusade was in progress, and it seems fairly certain that such dispossession was meant to be principally directed at landholders such as the Trencavel and Raymond VI of Toulouse himself.
The Cathars of southern France, known as Albigensians after the city of Albi, a stronghold of heresy, were admired and protected by many of the local lords, most notably Count Raymond VI of Toulouse.
Since it was well known that the overlord of the region, Count Raymond VI of Toulouse (1156-1222), did not do anything about the problem of heresy in Languedoc, he was considered to have at least harbored heretics within his region.
Until 1213, for example, the crusaders had to tread especially lightly because the kings of Aragon had long had family ties in the Languedoc region (Raymond VI was married to Peter's sister) and actually were the counts of some key territories within it, such as the area of Perpignan just to the south of Languedoc, an area around Millau in the North, and Montpellier to the east.