Raynaud's Disease

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Raynaud's disease

[rā′nōz di‚zēz]
A usually bilateral disease of blood vessels, especially of the extremities; excited by cold or emotion, characterized by intermittent pallor, cyanosis, and redness, and generally accompanied by pain.

Raynaud’s Disease


(named for the French physician A. D. M. Raynaud, who described the disease in 1862), also Raynaud’s gangrene, a disease of humans associated with injury to the autonomic nervous system; the symptoms are pain and trophic disorders, with most frequent localization on the fingers of both hands.

The causes of Raynaud’s disease, which is found most often in young women, have not been established. There are three stages. In the first stage, the fingers, when exposed to cold, experience a burning sensation, ache, and turn pale. The attack lasts from several minutes to several hours. In the second stage, the attacks last longer, and the fingers turn blue. The final stage is marked by the appearance of blood blisters, at whose site there develop foci of necrosis and deep ulcers. In severe cases gangrene sets in, and one or more fingers fall off.

Diagnosis is based on the results of capillaroscopy, rheogra-phy of the extremities, and oscillography. Measurement of the skin temperature and the use of contrast-medium methods of examining the arteries are also important in diagnosis. In addition to Raynaud’s disease, one also distinguishes Raynaud’s phenomenon, which may be the initial symptom of other diseases, including various collagen diseases.

Raynaud’s disease is treated with vagosympathetic novocain blocks, ganglion-blocking preparations, nicotinic acid, rauna-tin, tranquilizers, and B-complex vitamins. Physiotherapy, including inductothermy, may be prescribed. Hydrogen-sulfide, brine, and radon baths are often used to treat the disease, as are mud packs and massages.


Bekhtereva, N. P., A. V. Bondarchuk, and V. V. Zontov. Bolezn’ Reino. Leningrad, 1965.
Mel’nitskaia, Z. S. Bolezn’ Reino i fizicheskie metody ee lecheniia. Moscow, 1965.


References in periodicals archive ?
Primary Raynaud's usually begins in your 20s or 30s.
Stone considers a diagnosis of Raynaud's if two of the following criteria are met:
Raynaud's is a vascular condition where the extremities, usually hands and feet, go cold, numb, white and blue and then red when they warm up.
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secondary Raynaud's who'll notice DIFFERENT TYPES Generally, Generally it's people with secondary Raynaud's who'll notice their toes undergoing this 'blanching' process, while for those with primary Raynaud's, it tends to be confined to fingers.
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The findings may provide clues to where dysfunction occurs in disorders in which blood flow is erroneously cut off, such as Raynaud's disease.
It was some time before I regained feeling in them, and my first thought was that I probably had a condition called Raynaud's Disease which affects the circulation and in the following March I went to see my GP," she said.
What you have sounds like Raynaud's (say "ray-NODES").