Rayonnant style

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Rayonnant style

(rā`ənănt), the middle period (c.1240–1350) of French Gothic architectureGothic architecture and art,
structures (largely cathedrals and churches) and works of art first created in France in the 12th cent. that spread throughout Western Europe through the 15th cent., and in some locations into the 16th cent.
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, so termed from the characteristic radiating tracery of the rose windowrose window,
large, stone-traceried, circular window of medieval churches. Romanesque churches of both England and the Continent had made use of the wheel window—a circular window ornamented by shafts radiating from a small center circle; and from this prototype developed
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. In this period many of the great cathedrals were under construction; the builders became bolder and more proficient, emphasizing in every way the vertical elements of the structure. Light and soaring structural skeletons were erected, reducing the size of all supporting members; the enlargement of windows resulted in a drastic reduction of wall surfaces. Bar tracerytracery,
bands or bars of stone, wood, or other material, either subdividing an opening or standing in relief against a wall and forming an ornamental pattern of solid members and open spaces.
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, displaying elaborate geometrical patterns, supplanted plate tracery. Sculptural ornament turned to greater naturalism and was used more generously. Of this period are the cathedral at Amiens (begun 1220), the Sainte-Chapelle at Paris (1243–46), and the earlier portions of St. Ouen at Rouen (begun 1318). The Rayonnant style spread to other parts of Europe. The scheme was employed in the cathedrals at Cologne, Germany (begun 1248), and Leon, Spain (begun c.1255).

Rayonnant style

The middle phase of French Gothic architecture in the 13th and 14th cent., characterized by radiating lines of tracery.
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The National Coat-of-Arms shall have: Paleways of two (2) pieces, azure and gules; a chief argent studded with three (3) mullets equidistant from each other; and, in point of honor, ovoid argent over all the sun rayonnant with eight minor and lesser rays.
Burke does not deploy the Irish critic Pat Sheeran's notion of espace itinerant (as opposed to espace rayonnant or sedentarist space) as fully as her Introduction perhaps suggests she will; however, it profitably informs her reading of settled-nomadic tensions in dramas by Tom Murphy, a native of Tuam, East Galway, which, having the highest proportion of Travellers of any Irish town, has incorporated Cant words like coonic ("priest")--used in Murphy's work--into its parlance.
L'originalite du francais par rapport aux autres langues europeennes est dans l'alliance constante qui s'est nouee entre pouvoir politique et institution de la langue francaise (Balibar, 1986) De l'Ordonnance de Villers Cotteret a la proclamation de la Convention du 'francais langue nationale' en passant par la fondation de l'Academie francaise, le lien entre l'autorite politique et l'instrument d'exercice du pouvoir qu'est devenue la langue francaise est constat, et la langue d'Etat-langue commune devient par la-meme le moyen d'unifier les elites et d'en obtenir loyaute et efficacite dans l'affirmation d'une societe polie unifiee dans ses valeurs culturelles, rayonnant bientot sur toute l'Europe (2).
of London) lead contributors from the United States and Europe on the subject, with essays topics such as the visual language of French Rayonnant architecture, French Gothic and the paradigm of the motet, changes in vaulting and drawing, remaking the Rayonnant interior, and hybrid design strategies; specific sites studied include Saint-Benigne at Dijon, Strasbourg Cathedral, Merton College Chapel at Oxford, the cathedral at Krakow, and three Bohemian examples.
La accion sucede en un paisaje ante las murallas de la ciudad, "irreal pero debida y legitimadamente" enmarcado por una bella arquitectura acorde con las formas del gotico rayonnant vigentes en el Paris del segundo tercio de siglo.
Cette rare intempE[umlaut]rie dure rarement plus de 24 heures, car vite dissipE[umlaut]e par un disque solaire rayonnant.
J'aime de vos longs yeux la lumiere verdatre, Douce beaute, mais tout aujourd'hui m'est amer, Et rien, ni votre amour, ni le boudoir, ni l'atre, Ne me vaut le soleil rayonnant sur la mer.
A la vue de l'Ogresse, je ressentis un froid mortel; il me sembla que sous son regard mon coeur, jusqu'alors rayonnant de bonheur et d'espoir, se glacait tout a coup [.
If Bernard is to triumph over his class by triumphing over his family, Catherine must be willing to stand as 'ie temoin public, rayonnant, scandaleux de son triomphe' (C, p.
Au cours de la croissance ulterieure, les branches les plus basses deviennent appressees, prennent racine, devenant troncs secondaires, et le processus se poursuit en rayonnant a partir du tronc central.
Donc, on voudrait s' assurer que 1'avenir est rayonnant et plein de soleil et pins qu'on n'a pas de nuages en arriere de nous autres.