Razriadnyi Prikaz

Razriadnyi Prikaz


(War Office), in Russia, a central government department in the 16th and 17th centuries that had jurisdiction over military servitors, the army, and the southern border towns.

The department was formed in the mid-16th century. In the second half of the 16th century, when such other departments as the Streletskii Prikaz, the Pushkarskii Prikaz, the Inozemskii Prikaz, the Sibirskii Prikaz, and the Prikaz Kazanskogo Dvortsa were established, both the territorial scope and functions of the Razriadnyi Prikaz were limited. The department’s functions increased considerably in times of war; it was through this department that the government directed military operations. The department also assigned the military servitors to regiments, appointed the voevodas (military governors) of towns, as well as their assistants, from among the boyars and the court nobility, and administered military border service at the abatis lines, in the cossack settlements, and in border patrol units. The department also distributed land and money to the servitors in compensation for services. In the 17th century the government charged the department with registering all persons liable for military service.

The Razriadnyi Prikaz kept a record of all court ceremonies, such as receptions of foreign envoys, the weddings of members of the family of the grand prince or the tsar, and ennoblements. It was also directly involved in settling disputes over precedence in the feudal hierarchy (mestnichestvo).

The staff of the Razriadnyi Prikaz included a large number of secretaries and their assistants. The department was subdivided into a number of “desks,” or sections: Moscow, Novgorod, Vladimir, Belgorod, Sevsk, Pomest’e, Denezhnyi, and Prikaznoi. In the 16th and 17th centuries the Razriadnyi Prikaz was usually headed by members of the bureaucracy loyal to the tsar. At various times it was headed by A. Ia. Shchelkalov, V. Ia. Shchelka-lov, F. Likhachev, S. Zaborovskii, D. Bashmakov, and F. Griboedov. The last head was the boyar T. N. Streshnev, appointed in 1689. The department was abolished in 1711.


Likhachev, N. P. Razriadnye d’iaki XVI v. St. Petersburg, 1888.
Bogoiavlenskii, S. K. Prikaznye sud’i XVII v. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946.
Zimin, A. A. “O slozhenii prikaznoi sistemy na Rusi.” Doklady i soobshcheniia In-ta istorii AN SSSR, 1954, fasc. 3.
Leont’ev, A. K. Obrazovanie prikaznoi sistemy upravleniia ν Russkom gosudarstve. Moscow, 1961.


References in periodicals archive ?
In his letters from 3 and 16 June to the Muster Chancellery (Razriadnyi prikaz), Romodanovskii reported that at first the strel'tsy of the Kolzakov Regiment intended to head to the "indicated places" in accordance with the tsar's orders--that is, from the Lithuanian border to the separate locations to which they were ordered by the authorities.
A collection of financial accounts found in the Armory Chamber archive, were, as Peter had decreed, sent to the Privy Chancellery (Blizhniaia kantseliariia) monthly from 1701 to 1714.25 Between 1701 and 1704, no fees from beard wearers were manumitted to the Moscow Police Chancellery (Prikaz zemskikh del), the Preobrazhenskoe Chancellery, the Military Service Chancellery (Razriadnyi prikaz), or to any central governing body.
It is grounded in extensive research in the archives of the Ambassadors' Chancellery (Posol'skii prikaz) and Military Chancellery (Razriadnyi prikaz), and Kuts uses archival materials to relate many illustrative incidents and to recover the "voices" of Don Cossacks; this is a book made more concrete and vivid by having many people and incidents in it.
By the mid-16th century, the Razriadnyi prikaz (effectively the personnel department of the Muscovite military state) had established itself as the central repository for genealogical records and the arbiter in precedence disputes.