Roland Barthes

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Barthes, Roland

(rôläN` bärt), 1915–80, French critic. Barthes was one of the founding figures in the theoretical movement centered around the journal Tel Quel. In his earlier works, such as Writing Degree Zero (tr. 1953) and Mythologies (1957, tr. 1972), he argued that literature, like all forms of communication, is essentially a system of signs. As such, he argued that it encodes various ideologies or "myths," to be decoded in terms of its own organizing principles or internal structures. He was strongly influenced by the linguist Ferdinand de Saussure, and his ideas, as expressed in works such as S/Z (1970, tr. 1974) and Empire of Signs (1970, tr. 1982), became more eclectic. Barthes has had an enormous influence on American literary theory.

Bibliography

See studies by J. Culler (1983), P. Lombardo (1989), and M. B. Wiseman (1989).

References in periodicals archive ?
RRGs can also be created in collaboration with a professor for a specific course delivered in any modality, wherein tutor and instructor collaborate to deliver precise, effective resources to students honing discipline-specific readerly and writerly considerations.
Hamm uses Roland Barthe's notions of readerly and writerly texts to highlight the possibility for multiple interpretations of Armance, going so far as to suggest that Armance could be considered a precursor to the writerly text.