Realgymnasium

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Realgymnasium

 

(Russian, real’naia gimnaziia), in Russia, a secondary school whose curriculum stressed instruction in the natural sciences and mathematics and replaced the classical languages (Latin and Greek) with living foreign languages.

The Realgymnasium as a type of secondary educational institution emerged in the mid-19th century. Both seven-year Realgymnasiums and classical Gymnasiums were established under the Charter of 1864. Graduates of Realgymnasiums were permitted to take the competitive examinations for entry into higher technical educational institutions, but they were not admitted to universities. In 1872 the Realgymnasiums were replaced by Realschulen (real’nye uchilishchd).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Until age fourteen, he attended the same realgymnasium that Sigmund Freud had attended many years earlier; he spent summers in Bulgaria with his father.
(19) Existe cierta similitud entre esta imagen y las instalaciones de Christian Boltanski, en su proyecto "Lessons of Darkness" (1988), en las que trabaja a partir de una fotografia de 1931 que retrata a una clase de un instituto judio de Viena, el Chajes Realgymnasium. Boltanski refotografia y aumenta los rostros individuales, y crea altares con cajas de galletas de laton colgadas en la pared y las fotografias de los rostros en la cima.
He himself later assumed that this was why he never developed a close relationship with Germany as his "Fatherland." After attending the Realgymnasium at Glauchau in Saxony as well as the Nikolai Humanistic Gymnasium in his birth city of Leipzig, he was conscripted into war service in 1916 at the age of eighteen.
Some six teachers and 23 scholars from Germany's Hindenburg Realgymnasium and the Elbenfeld Secondary School were guests of honour at Atkinson Road Junior Technical School in Benwell, Newcastle, from Saturday, July 22, until August 15, 1934.
After finishing Realgymnasium, Robert entered the University of Vienna, obtaining his doctorate in 1937 with the attribute "excellent".
The young student's passion for literature was fed not only by the solid fare of the Greek and Latin classics and Weimar Classicism at the Leopoldstadter Realgymnasium, but also by Freud's own out-of-hours reading.
Martens uncovers many original documents that develop an intriguing picture of Greve's schooling at the Johanneum Realgymnasium in Hamburg and his university years in Bonn.
Kaiser Wilhelms-Gymnasium mit Realgymnasium in Wilhelmshaven: Zeugnis der Reife ...
In German as well as in English, the invective Bootier or Boeotian (from the ancient Greek area northwest of Athens) denotes someone who is uncivilized, uncouth, indolent, or, exactly, "stupid" (dumm); and Brecht, the pupil of an old-fashioned Bavarian Realgymnasium, was doubtless aware of this figurative meaning.