Work that exceeded the minimum reclamation standards
was conducted by Vulcan in an effort to meet the future needs of the land owners.
Although the bonding requirement was retained, it was significantly weakened, critics say, because the new rules lack the reclamation standards
featured in the Clinton version.
'As far as the goalposts on reclamation standards
are concerned, they are moving and will keep moving, largely because of the information we are now getting and because each site can be so dramatically different, said Mr Cardin.
Nationally, the 22 years that America's reclamation laws have been in place have witnessed a robust story of success and reclamation standards
that are superior to those in the rest of the world.
It also works within some of the highest environmental and reclamation standards
in the world, standards that have been developed jointly by industry and government technical expertise.