The Fortification Creek Planning Area management plan includes seven performance standards for elk protection and a reclamation standard
that oil and gas operators must meet in order to develop.
Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM) have extended the time for Wyoming environmental officials have to complete reviews into two coal operators that allegedly have violated reclamation standards
Work that exceeded the minimum reclamation standards
was conducted by Vulcan in an effort to meet the future needs of the land owners.
Although the bonding requirement was retained, it was significantly weakened, critics say, because the new rules lack the reclamation standards
featured in the Clinton version.
As far as the goalposts on reclamation standards
are concerned, they are moving and will keep moving, largely because of the information we are now getting and because each site can be so dramatically different, said Mr Cardin.
Nationally, the 22 years that America's reclamation laws have been in place have witnessed a robust story of success and reclamation standards
that are superior to those in the rest of the world.
In addition to its own authority as a land and mineral manager, the BLM has, through cooperative agreements with state agencies, access to the various state operating and reclamation standards
, as well as their enforcement procedures and tools.
The Federal coal program is broken from soup to nuts -- non-competitive coal leasing, below fair market royalty rates, failure in meeting full mining reclamation standards
, and environmental mining liabilities insured by worthless corporate self-bonds by companies now in bankruptcy, Jim Lyon, National Wildlife Federation Vice President for Policy said.
It also works within some of the highest environmental and reclamation standards
in the world, standards that have been developed jointly by industry and government technical expertise.