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see record playerrecord player
or phonograph,
device for reproducing sound that has been recorded as a spiral, undulating groove on a disk. This disk is known as a phonograph record, or simply a record (see sound recording).
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a household device for the reproduction of sound from a phonograph record. A phonograph differs in principle from a gramophone; it converts the mechanical vibrations of the needle in the sound pickup to electrical oscillations, which are then amplified by an audio-frequency amplifier and converted to sound by an electroacoustic system, which includes one or more electrodynamic loudspeakers.

Phonographs are designed to reproduce monophonic, stereophonic, or quadraphonic disk recordings. The sound quality and the convenience of use depend on the phonograph’s rating. For example, phonographs manufactured in the USSR according to the All-Union State Standard, which establishes the basic technical specifications (for example, range of frequencies reproduced and nonlinear distortion factor), are rated as superior, first class, second class, or third class. Modern superior-rated phonographs produce sound of such quality that the listener is completely unaware of noise and the various distortions that occur in the course of reproduction of disk recordings; such phonographs are the most convenient to use.


Apollonova, L. P., and N. D. Shumova. Mekhanicheskaia zvukozapis’. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
GOST 11157–74. Elektrophony: Obshchie tekhnicheskie usloviia. Moscow, 1974.



(engineering acoustics)
An instrument for recording or reproducing acoustical signals, such as voice or music, by transmission of vibrations from or to a stylus that is in contact with a groove in a rotating disk.


1. an early form of gramophone capable of recording and reproducing sound on wax cylinders
2. US and Canadian a device for reproducing the sounds stored on a record: now usually applied to the nearly obsolete type that uses a clockwork motor and acoustic horn


An earlier term for an analog recording and playback device. See phonograph record, turntable and LP.
References in periodicals archive ?
I later moved from Wollaston to the BSR development centre at Old Hill, working on prototype record decks,' he said.
Finished in real oak or mahogany wood veneer, this classically designed sound system, comprising an FM and MW radio, a record deck, a CD and a tape player, answers all your musical needs.
He'd also dodged sentencing for stealing a DJ's record deck in 1993 - and failed to show for an assault trial after attacking a man in 1994.
Then he tried to be a trendy DJ by mixing it up on a record deck, as aides shuffled and looked at their feet.
The chapel had bought the record decks and wouldn't let anyone else near them except the nuns.
A giant DJ booth running the full length of the club will feature more than 20 record decks, the latest electronics and Dolby certified monitors.
White Horse Plastics, an injection moulding firm in Oxfordshire, has developed a vibration dampening technology for record decks.
It now plans to take the move to the next level by also selling record decks for those who want to start a record collection.
The supermarket have also started selling record decks.