Recrystallization


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recrystallization

[rē‚krist·əl·ə′zā·shən]
(chemistry)
Repeated crystallization of a material from fresh solvent to obtain an increasingly pure product.
(crystallography)
A change in the structure of a crystal without a chemical alteration.
(metallurgy)
A process which takes place in metals and alloys following distortion and fragmentation of constituent crystals by severe mechanical deformation, in which some fragments grow at the expense of others, so that larger, strain-free grains are formed; it progresses slowly at room temperature, but is greatly speeded by annealing.
(petrology)
The formation of new mineral grains in crystalline form in a rock under the influence of metamorphic processes.

Recrystallization

 

(1) Recrystallization in the solid state is the change in the crystal structure of a substance that takes place upon heating or cooling, without a change in the state of aggregation. It is determined by the polymorphic (allotropic) transformations of the components forming the solid.

(2) Recrystallization from solutions is a process involving the dissolution of a crystalline substance with the subsequent precipitation of its crystals from the solution. It is used to remove impurities from crystalline substances.


Recrystallization

 

the process of the formation and growth, or only the growth, of single crystalline grains (crystallites) of a polycrystal at the expense of other grains of the same phase. The rate of recrystallization increases exponentially with temperature. Recrystallization is especially rapid in plastically deformed materials.

Three stages of recrystallization are distinguished: the primary stage, in which new, nondeformed crystallites are formed in the deformed material and grow by absorbing the deformed grains; the accumulative stage, in which the nondeformed grains grow at each other’s expense, as a result of which the average size of the grain increases; and secondary recrystallization, which differs from the accumulative stage in that only a few of the nondeformed grains have the capacity to grow. In the course of secondary recrystallization the structure is characterized by grains of different sizes.

Recrystallization eliminates structural defects, alters the size of the grains, and may alter the crystallographic orientation of the grains (texture). Recrystallization changes the state of a substance to one of greater thermodynamic stability. In the primary stage this change is due to a reduction in the distortions produced by the deformation, and in accumulative and secondary recrystallization it is due to a reduction in the total surface area of the boundaries between the grains. Recrystallization alters all the structurally sensitive properties of the deformed material and often restores the predeformation structure, texture, and properties. Sometimes the structure and texture after recrystallization differ from the original structure and texture and thus there is also a difference in properties.

Recrystallization is widely used in industry in metal and alloy technology to regulate the shape and size of the grains and the texture and properties of the metals and alloys.

REFERENCE

Gorelik, S. S. Rekristallizatsiia metallov i splavov. Moscow, 1967.

S. S. GORELIK

References in periodicals archive ?
Such steady-state curves suggest that the effect of work hardening is balanced by the flow softening mechanisms like dynamic recovery, dynamic recrystallization or super-plasticity [17, 18].
It is evident that there is a strong recrystallization from 1150[grados]C, especially the formation of cristobalite and mullite.
f] was set to 50[degrees]C and 100[degrees]C, respectively, in order to eliminate the disturbing effect of [beta]-[alpha] recrystallization and to comparatively evaluate the thermal stability of the [beta]phase.
As shown in Figure 1, the average grain size of CGO silicon steel after primary recrystallization increases with the rising of intermediate annealing temperature.
As shown by previous studies (Lohmann & Meyers 1977), microdolomite inclusions result from the redistribution of Mg ions during recrystallization and therefore the association with microdolomite inclusions suggests that high-Mg calcite, not low-Mg calcite or aragonite, was their original mineralogy, although the lower abundance of microdolomite in Hedstroemia suggests that high-Mg calcite may have formed only an admixture.
Their resulting microstructure depend on strain and recrystallization -related phenomena, as well as on the method and rate of cooling upon forging.
5, there exists double-melting behavior aftercrystallization at 100 for 2h, The double-meltingbehavior of PLLA has been reported in literature [14], the low-temperature melting peak is attributed to the primary crystallites formed at crystallization temperature, and high-temperature melting peak reflects the relatively prefect lamella stacks results from recrystallization during the heating scan [15].
For holographic data storage applications, the composite morphology after microphase separation should remain unchanged during melting and recrystallization of the dispersed particles.
In addition to mechanical strength being approximately 80% higher than the existing product, TALF can contribute to an increase in the heat resistance temperature of packages because of its recrystallization temperature 50 degrees Celsius higher than the existing product.
During alteration, a process of transformation or neomorphism of carbonate is recognized through recrystallization of fine micrite to microspare to coarser bladed pseudospar crystals (Fig.