In total, the bird was presented 25 times over an 18-month period to either the zoological or the emergency service for problems associated with damaged rectrices
. During this time, diagnostic tests included hematologic testing and biochemical analysis, serologic testing for circovirus, and histopathologic examination of the feather follicles.
This short caudal axis acts to support and move the main tail feathers, or rectrices
vary in number (12 in the pigeon and 18 in the turkey, Meleagris gallopavo, for example), but their relationship to the caudal vertebrae and musculature is quite consistent across species.
We pulled two rectrices
from each yellow rail (n = 170), and determined sex by extracting the DNA from the quill using a Qiagen DNEasy kit (QIAGEN Inc., Valencia, California), following the manufacturer's recommendations.
comm.) recorded white outer rectrices
, pale belly, and "sandy brown above," which we considered to reveal AHY birds in alternate plumage.
: The tail feathers of a bird, used to balance and help control flight.
For instance, in the middle of the regular molt, the new primaries 6 and 7 may be short or missing, as are secondaries 2 and 3 and tertial 7, while the average length of the new rectrices
is only half the normal (Jenni and Winkler 1994: [ILLUSTRATION FOR STAGE G IN FIG.
The externally visible "tail" of most extant birds is composed primarily of the main caudal flight feathers or rectrices
. The underlying tail musculoskeleton, known as the uropygium, is extremely short.
We used a 1.8-g BD-2 radio transmitter (Holohil Systems Ltd., Ontario, Canada) sutured between the central rectrices
(see Halterman, 2009); weight of a transmitter was ca.
In the spring, Yellow-rumped Warblers undergo a prealternate (pre-breeding) molt, which includes the majority of body feather tracts and greater and middle secondary wing coverts, but no flight feathers (remiges and rectrices
) (Hubbard 1980; Hunt and Flaspohler 1998).
De cada uno de los individuos se recolectaron remiges primarias y rectrices
, que se almacenaron en tubos Eppendorf de 1,5 ml con 0,5 ml de etanol al 70%, para la posterior obtencion del ADN (DONOHUE & DUFTY, 2006; CONSTANTINI et al., 2008).
Number of Rectrices
. The original Rock Dove possesses 12 rectrices
or tail feathers.