Red Banner


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Red Banner

 

the symbol of the revolutionary liberation struggle.

Popular uprisings occurred under red banners as early as the eighth century (the Red Banner rebellion in Iran) and in the 16th (the Great Peasant War in Germany) and 17th centuries. The people of France fought under red banners against the king’s rule in July 1792. With the revolt of June 5–6, 1832, in Paris, the red banner became a symbol of the blood spilled by the people and thus the banner of revolution, and after the Paris Commune of 1871 it became the banner of proletarian revolution and the world revolutionary workers’ movement.

In Russia the red banner was first raised in 1861 by rebellious peasants in Penza Province. During the first political demonstration in Russia, on Kazan Cathedral Square in St. Petersburg on Dec. 6, 1876, the worker la. Potapov raised a red banner as a symbol of the struggle against autocracy. The first May Day meetings and rallies of striking workers occurred under the red banner, and it flew at the barricades of the Revolution of 1905–07 and during the February Revolution of 1917. After the triumph of the October Revolution of 1917 it became the state flag of the Soviet state (Decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of Apr. 14, 1918) and the combat banner of its armed forces. The Order of the Red Banner, an award for combat excellence, was instituted in 1918 and the Order of the Red Banner of Labor in 1920. During the Civil War of 1918–20 units and large units of the Red Army and the Red Navy were awarded the Honorary Revolutionary Red Banner for combat excellence (order of Aug. 3, 1918, of the People’s Commissariat on Military Affairs). Collectives of enterprises and kolkhozes are awarded challenge red banners for victories in socialist emulation competitions. The resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU of Jan. 4, 1967, entitled On Preparation for the 50th Anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution established memorial banners of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the Council of Ministers of the USSR, and the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions. These banners were instituted as symbols of labor valor and in honor of the jubilee of the October Revolution. Thousands of collectives of enterprises, organizations, sovkhozes, and kolkhozes that won socialist emulation competitions in honor of the 50th anniversary of the October Revolution were awarded these banners, which were given to them for eternal safekeeping.

REFERENCES

Mamaev, K. K. Flagi rasskazyvaiut. Leningrad, 1972.
Ivanov, K. A. Flagi gosudarstv mira, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1971.
Maksiashev, P. F. “Kogda vpervye ν Rossii bylo podniato krasnoe znamia.” Voprosy istorii, 1965, no. 3.
Signev, A. “Kak sozdavalsia flag nashei rodiny.” Voprosy istorii, 1964, no. 11.
References in classic literature ?
But then I suppose this was a common experience of all of us who had rallied under the red banner of the brotherhood of man.
The red banner of Blackthorn lodge billowed and flapped above them.
He has been awarded with the Order of the Red Banner of Labour and was elected a member of New York Academy of Sciences.
Dozens of protesters gathered near a Sao Paulo subway station with a red banner reading "If we have no rights, there won't be a Cup," saying they planned to march as close as possible to Corinthians Arena, the city's World Cup stadium.
FIGHTER Pilot Lily They earned 23 Hero of the Soviet Union medals and dozens of Orders of the Red Banner.
One man held up a large red banner that said "NRA killing our kids.
Passing a checkpoint where a red banner read, "Stability Maintenance Calls for Fast Response to Emergencies," he told me how he hated the sight of armed soldiers.
After a year of planning and development, the US State Department has unexpectedly cancelled their plans for Andrew's trip to the Middle East this week, after changing their minds and deciding that it was 'a mistake and not appropriate'," said the website, which was covered by a huge red banner saying "cancelled by the U.
Hanging from the ceiling is a huge red banner that reads " 20 times the welcome", followed by the flags of the participating nations and the West Indies Cricket Board and Cricket Ireland.
Pictures have also been circulated on the Internet, which apparently show a large red banner saying "beat the traitors, drive them from the town' strung up in the family's town in Shaanxi province".