Red Banner

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Red Banner


the symbol of the revolutionary liberation struggle.

Popular uprisings occurred under red banners as early as the eighth century (the Red Banner rebellion in Iran) and in the 16th (the Great Peasant War in Germany) and 17th centuries. The people of France fought under red banners against the king’s rule in July 1792. With the revolt of June 5–6, 1832, in Paris, the red banner became a symbol of the blood spilled by the people and thus the banner of revolution, and after the Paris Commune of 1871 it became the banner of proletarian revolution and the world revolutionary workers’ movement.

In Russia the red banner was first raised in 1861 by rebellious peasants in Penza Province. During the first political demonstration in Russia, on Kazan Cathedral Square in St. Petersburg on Dec. 6, 1876, the worker la. Potapov raised a red banner as a symbol of the struggle against autocracy. The first May Day meetings and rallies of striking workers occurred under the red banner, and it flew at the barricades of the Revolution of 1905–07 and during the February Revolution of 1917. After the triumph of the October Revolution of 1917 it became the state flag of the Soviet state (Decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of Apr. 14, 1918) and the combat banner of its armed forces. The Order of the Red Banner, an award for combat excellence, was instituted in 1918 and the Order of the Red Banner of Labor in 1920. During the Civil War of 1918–20 units and large units of the Red Army and the Red Navy were awarded the Honorary Revolutionary Red Banner for combat excellence (order of Aug. 3, 1918, of the People’s Commissariat on Military Affairs). Collectives of enterprises and kolkhozes are awarded challenge red banners for victories in socialist emulation competitions. The resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU of Jan. 4, 1967, entitled On Preparation for the 50th Anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution established memorial banners of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the Council of Ministers of the USSR, and the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions. These banners were instituted as symbols of labor valor and in honor of the jubilee of the October Revolution. Thousands of collectives of enterprises, organizations, sovkhozes, and kolkhozes that won socialist emulation competitions in honor of the 50th anniversary of the October Revolution were awarded these banners, which were given to them for eternal safekeeping.


Mamaev, K. K. Flagi rasskazyvaiut. Leningrad, 1972.
Ivanov, K. A. Flagi gosudarstv mira, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1971.
Maksiashev, P. F. “Kogda vpervye ν Rossii bylo podniato krasnoe znamia.” Voprosy istorii, 1965, no. 3.
Signev, A. “Kak sozdavalsia flag nashei rodiny.” Voprosy istorii, 1964, no. 11.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
But then I suppose this was a common experience of all of us who had rallied under the red banner of the brotherhood of man.
Other protesters carried a large red banner which read 'Climate Emergency.'
The Red Banner Black Sea fleet of Russia organized a concert in the Russian air base in Kant timed to the Defender of the Fatherland Day, the press service of the air base reported.
Kirklees Against Climate Change unfurled a huge red banner in St George's Square in Huddersfield to also raise awareness of the impact of record breaking temperatures.
The red banner of Blackthorn lodge billowed and flapped above them.
The "Red Banner" features pictures of Russian leaders and is one of the most widely-recognised trade union banners in the world.
Operations manager Gemma who has a one-year-old daughter Georgina, says that operating from their base in Silksworth, Sunderland, the company offers event organisation and management as an agency, as well as organising and hosting events under the Ruby Red banner.
The register entry of any charity that is late in sending the Commission its financial information is marked with a red banner.
In 1974 he was awarded State prize of UkrSSR in the field of science and technology, in 1976 --Order of the Red Banner of Labor, in 1981--second Order of the Red Banner of Labor, in 1984--Lenin prize for work in the field of electron beam technology, in 1988 --order of Lenin, in 1989--Evgeny Paton prize of the NAS of Ukraine, in 1998--order <<For Merits>> of III degree.
David Bowe, MEP for Yorkshire and Humber, returned the red banner after accidentally taking it with him when he moved offices to Leeds.