Red Guards

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Related to Red Guards: Cultural Revolution

Red Guards,

in Chinese history, politically active students of the Cultural RevolutionCultural Revolution,
1966–76, mass mobilization of urban Chinese youth inaugurated by Mao Zedong in an attempt to prevent the development of a bureaucratized Soviet style of Communism.
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 (1966–69), who organized units to carry out Mao ZedongMao Zedong
or Mao Tse-tung
, 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third
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's aim of rerevolutionizing Chinese society. As their numbers grew, the units engaged in factional struggles, and in 1968 Mao suppressed the movement.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Red Guards


(Chinese, hung-wei-ping), secondary-school and university students who belonged to detachments formed in 1966, during the Chinese Cultural Revolution, for use against Mao Tsetung’s opponents. The Red Guards worked in conjunction with the tsao-fan (see). The Red Guard movement subsided in 1968.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Over time, Red Guard units began fighting each other, each claiming to represent Mao's true ideals.
Chairman Mao, dictator of China, had recently (1966) organized Chinese youth into "The "Red Guard" as the vanguard of Chinese communist reform (and repression).
Those who challenged the censorship law were often caught and persecuted by the government or the loyal Red Guards. In order to ensure that people were not reading illicit materials, the government encouraged and approved house and library raiding by the guards; most of the books were burned but some were stolen and resold to the black markets.
For Badiou the turning point was the proclamation of the Shanghai Commune in 1967, where Red Guards and Maoist workers overthrew the party committee, took power in the city and attempted to run it without the party, along the lines of the Paris Commune.
In 1967 the Red Guards divided again into "Heaven" and "Earth" factions, both sides professing their supreme loyalty to Mao, in response to the CCRG's ambiguous stance on the use of violence to further revolutionary aims.
The Red Guards made her family compound their headquarters, while Chinn scrounged what she could from the garbage dump and drank water from the river.
Among his topics are Hayakawa and assimilation versus Third World solidarity at San Francisco State College, Black Panthers and Red Guards, and solidarity by opposition to the Viet Nam War.
During the Cultural Revolution which leader's son was thrown out of a third floor window by red guards? 6.
The quest provides the author with the setting for recounting the earlier days of the Red Guards' conquest and terror of Tibet.
In line with its open policy of reform the party has become more tolerant of religion than in the militantly iconoclastic days of Mao Zedong's rampaging Red Guards. At certain moments, the party has even encouraged religious organizations to fill the void in social services left by China's headlong rush into market economics.
Red Guards made Florence Li Tim-Oi cut up her vestments with scissors.