Red Guards

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Related to Red Guards: Cultural Revolution

Red Guards,

in Chinese history, politically active students of the Cultural RevolutionCultural Revolution,
1966–76, mass mobilization of urban Chinese youth inaugurated by Mao Zedong in an attempt to prevent the development of a bureaucratized Soviet style of Communism.
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 (1966–69), who organized units to carry out Mao ZedongMao Zedong
or Mao Tse-tung
, 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third
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's aim of rerevolutionizing Chinese society. As their numbers grew, the units engaged in factional struggles, and in 1968 Mao suppressed the movement.

Red Guards


(Chinese, hung-wei-ping), secondary-school and university students who belonged to detachments formed in 1966, during the Chinese Cultural Revolution, for use against Mao Tsetung’s opponents. The Red Guards worked in conjunction with the tsao-fan (see). The Red Guard movement subsided in 1968.

References in periodicals archive ?
Many of the most fanatical of the wannabe Red Guards now stalking America's streets, campuses, work places, and corporate board rooms would do well to learn some relevant lessons from history.
This history has been buried with these people and has turned to dust like them,' her cousin Zhang Mian laments, standing by the locked gates of a Red Guard graveyard.
Written by former Red Guards, scholars and students, these works criticized Mao and the Revolution by creatively expressing their despair and daily struggles in China.
The Chinese capital was home to a huge concentration of post-secondary students (111,000, or one-sixth of the national total), and Red Guards there had the most influence nationwide.
The Red Guards made her family compound their headquarters, while Chinn scrounged what she could from the garbage dump and drank water from the river.
Seventh are the Chinese Dai Huen Jai gang, many of whom are veterans of Chairman Mao's Red Guards.
What's been done to Beijing in the last few years far exceeds anything done by foreign invaders or Red Guards during the Cultural Revolution.
In the days of the Red Guards and Mao Tse Tung's Little Red Book, a young boy from an impoverished rural family was miraculously chosen to attend the Beijing Dance Academy.
Another time, I was in Moscow before the Soviet Union fell and I was approached by Red Guards outside the Kremlin.
Only a small number, most already in their mid-twenties (having spent much of their youth as Red Guards and, later, as farmworkers), were able to combine brainpower, work, and just plain luck to pass the admissions exams and escape their lot.
SHE didn't see her husband, Liu Shaqi, after he was taken prisoner by the Red Guards of China's Cultural Revolution in 1967 and left in an unheated room.
The Red Guards targeted the "Western-tainted" Christian church in particular.