Red-backed Shrike


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Red-backed Shrike

 

(Lanius collurio), a songbird of the family Laniidae. It is slightly larger than a sparrow (about 20 cm long and weighing 30 g), with reddish and light colors dominating the plumage and a dark band on each side of the head. The male is colored more brightly than the female. The red-backed shrike is found throughout Europe and western Asia. It lives on the edges of forests, in clearings, and in windbreak belts. It usually nests in bushes, and there are five or six spotted eggs in a clutch. The red-backed shrike imitates the songs of various birds. It feeds on insects and occasionally on lizards, fledglings, and small animals which it sometimes decapitates and impales on a twig to be used as a future source of food. It winters in South and Central Africa. The red-tailed, or brown, shrike (L. cristatus) is common in the eastern USSR, and the bay-backed shrike (L. vittatus) is found in southern Turkmenia (Badkhyz).

References in periodicals archive ?
They were a yellow-browed warbler from Siberia' a white-rumped sandpiper from North America' a cattle egretfrom southern Europe and a red-backed shrike from Scandinavia.
A Blue Peter ornithology handbook is a must-have if you don't know your blacknecked grebe from your red-backed shrike. Forget Alton Towers - the kids will have hours of fun over the Easter holidays on impromptu bird flu hunts.
The red-backed shrike is arguably the rarest bird that breeds in the UK--it is down to fewer than ten breeding pairs.
BirdLife also pointed out that out of the 453 or so species of bird regularly found in Europe, around one-third were reliant on sustainable farming for their future survival, with those at most immediate risk including the corncrake, the red-backed shrike and the great bustard.
Owen (1948) observed a male red-backed shrike (Lanius collurio) in the process of nest-building pick up a piece of wool, shake it and hang it in a hawthorn.
| Elsewhere, a smart male Red-backed Shrike was found close to the Great Orme copper mine on Monday, the warmer weather bringing out the larger insects on which it depends.
Below the Red-backed Shrike is a Redstart, a relative of the thrushes, and resplendent in rufous below with a gray nape and back and black face and throat.
Twitchers were stunned to discover a red-backed shrike at Ladywalk Nature Reserve, North Warwickshire - just ten miles from the city centre.
Stable or increasing populations of Tetrao tetrix, Caprimulgus europaeus, Coracias garrulus, Lullula arborea, Anthus campestris and red-backed shrike (Lanius collurio) breeding and/or foraging in habitat 2320, and of Tetrao tetrix, Grus grus, Tringa glareola and Caprimulgus europaeus in the bog habitat;
The final surprise of the weekend came on Saturday with a red-backed shrike at RSPB Conwy, the second in three years at the reserve.
SINV antibodies were first found in 3 birds (red-backed shrike, robin, song thrush) during their spring migration to northern Europe.
According to the report, intensification of agriculture, driven in part by the increased use of nutrients, has already pushed one bird, the red-backed shrike, to extinction in the UK.