Reduplication


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.
Related to Reduplication: affixation

Reduplication

 

in linguistics, complete or partial repetition of a root, stem, or word. Reduplication may express plurality, as in the Malay orang (“person”) and orangorang (“people”). It may be used to intensify an action or quality, as in the Russian khodish’-khodish’ (“you walk and walk”) and bol’shoi-bol’shoi (“very big”). Sometimes an adjective formed by reduplication expresses a lesser degree of a quality, as exemplified by the Malagasy fotsi-fotsi (“whitish”). Reduplication may also express different aspectual and other meanings in a verb. In the Indo-European languages, there is partial reduplication in the formation of the perfect and present. Reduplication is also used in onomatopoeic expressions, such as the Russian ku-ku (the call of the cuckoo) and the English “tick-tick.”

References in periodicals archive ?
Okolo and Ezikeojiaku (1999) group this and clipping as a form of word formation under reduplication. They see it as the opposite of derivation and compounding as words undergo deaffixation.
Partial reduplication: the Australian language, Yidin: 'initiated man' = 'mulari'; 'initiated men' = 'mula-mula.ri' (Kager, 196).
As is seen in Table 5, the results showed that there was a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in the whole Description Skill Scoring Rubric as well as the concretization, reduplication, simile and adjective criteria.
For this reason, he/she uses this concessive reduplication: quem quer que seja [whoever it might be].
Identification of Reduplication in Bengali Corpus and their Semantic Analysis: A Rule Based Approach.
Fifth, reduplication of the intensifier muy is normally used as a device to express extreme degree in StSp (Roca & Suner 1998) (cf.
There is marked, diffuse thickening of the glomerular capillary walls with reduplication of the basal lamina (mesangial interposition), which can lead to narrowing of the capillary lumens (Figures 3 and 4).
More importantly, Effer (1884:196) considers the instances where there is no consonant reduplication after a short vowel as lengthened forms, either due to Hornorganic Cluster Lengthening (HCL) or Open Syllable Lengthening (OSL).
Robert Frayly believes that biotechnology will make possible the reduplication if the corn, cotton and soybeans crop from Monsanto up to 2030.
The software giant claims Simpana 'transcends traditional backup' with functions such as backup and recovery, reduplication, replication, virtualisation, cloud, archive, indexing and search.
As for the morphological structure of such items, a range of possibilities appears to be viable: for instance, gabsie (= talkative person) joins a noun (gab) and a diminutive suffix with an epenthetic consonant, thus producing an almost iconic new item; grippie (= avaricious) exploits the same strategy, though the reduplication of
Specifically, it identifies some superstrate and substrate influences on Nigerian Pidgin, as well as instances of reduplication, compounding and clipping in Nigerian Pidgin.