Reed, Joseph

Reed, Joseph,

1741–85, American Revolutionary political leader and army officer, b. Trenton, N.J. He studied law, was admitted (1763) to the bar, and then went to London to study at the Middle Temple. After returning (1765) to practice law in Trenton, he took an active part in pre-Revolutionary affairs. After settling (1770) in Philadelphia Reed became a member of the committee of correspondence (1774) and president of the Pennsylvania provincial congress (1775). In the war he served as military secretary to George Washington and as adjutant general and took part in a number of battles. He served in the Continental Congress (1777–78). As president (1778–81) of the supreme executive council of Pennsylvania he abolished slavery in Pennsylvania and caused (1778) Benedict ArnoldArnold, Benedict,
1741–1801, American Revolutionary general and traitor, b. Norwich, Conn. As a youth he served for a time in the colonial militia in the French and Indian Wars. He later became a prosperous merchant.
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 to be prosecuted on charges of corrupt practices. He was a trustee and founder of the Univ. of the State of Pennsylvania (later the Univ. of Pennsylvania).


See biography by J. F. Roche (1957, repr. 1968).

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Reed, Joseph

(1741–85) governor; born in Trenton, N.J. A prosperous Philadelphia lawyer and businessman, married to an Englishwoman, he tried to change British attitudes through correspondence, but by 1775 came to believe that independence was worth a revolution. Washington's military secretary (1775), and later the adjutant general, he helped guide the troops through the arduous campaign that moved across New Jersey and Pennsylvania. He served in the Continental Congress (1777–78). As president of the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania (1778–81), he abolished slavery, provided veterans' benefits, and prosecuted Benedict Arnold for embezzlement.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
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of Virginia; nieces and nephews, Ricquel Worthington, Alexis (Antonio) Smith, Shiann Adams, Alijah Mitchell, Michael Worthington, Taryn Mays, Damon Reed, Shamar Adams, Devin Reed, Joseph Maclin, Wendell Killian, Jr.
Nikki Hyland, Jordan Johnson, Jennifer Jolley, Mark Kemmerer, Erica Knotts, Cody Lancaster, Bryson Lee, Jillian Lee, Jake Loos, Andy Mann, Stephanie McCombs, Mitch McLain and Brian McLean, Mariah Millan, Tessa Miller, Greggory Mock, Philip Moody, Karissa Needham, Ciarra Nelson, Nicholas Oberman, Tyler Oliver, Krystal Osborne, Tonya Peterson, Kayla Powell, Kyle Reber, Joshua Reed, Joseph Roach, Steven Robinson, Michael Rogers, Savannah Sanders, Steven Saracco, Kelly Schricker, Stephanie Schultz, Joseph Shelton, Stacia Sifers, Jeremy Simms, Thomas Singler, Joshua Smith, Megan Solesbee, Kyle Summers, Trint Taylor, Sierra Terrel-Perez, Erika Thorsen, Bryan Tucker, Jessica Valenzuela, Valerie Warren, Heather Weber, Timothy Whited and Alicia Woodward.
A range of elaborate 19th Century tombs, including those to six-times mayor Archibald Reed, Joseph Wilson, composer of popular Tyneside songs, and architect Thomas Oliver - whose building designed with John Dobson in Old Eldon Square is due to come off the list next week.
Countless millions can thank Gorgas and his medical and scientific comrades--Walter Reed, Joseph Le Prince, Jesse Lazear, Carlos Juan Finlay, Ronald Ross, and many others--who put the welfare of humanity above their own personal safety and heroically persevered in the pursuit of truth despite public scorn, disbelief, and often vicious opposition.