Two guarantees are crucial for the Lutherans in this merger: (1) the guarantee of being taken seriously in their confessional tradition and (2) the guarantee that vital kernels of Lutheranism should not be dissolved in the Reformed masses.
It was especially difficult to find a basis on which Reformed and Lutheran confessions could be kept together.
But orthodox Reformed were not satisfied until these creeds were divided into a Universal, Reformed, and Lutheran group.
The new church order refers to the Leuenberg Agreement: "With the Leuenberg Agreement the [new Protestant] church acknowledges that the Lutheran and Reformed traditions have come together in a common understanding of the Gospel.
Here the Leuenberg Agreement is comparable to the recent agreement between the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and three Reformed churches in the U.
With respect to the points of controversy between Reformed and Lutheran in the past, the Agreement does not offer a new doctrine on these subjects but formulates what is necessary for overcoming a split over these doctrines.
Especially in the context of the Protestant merger in the Netherlands this approach is very much needed, as is apparent in the discussions about predestination with the orthodox wing of the Dutch Reformed Church.
Mutual contribution of the Reformed and Lutheran tradition
Will Dutch Lutheranism not go to rack and ruin in that united church with such a large Reformed majority?
This does not necessarily mean that after the (re)union every Lutheran congregation should merge as soon as possible with a Reformed congregation.
His figure is present in an altarpiece from Clairvaux, in the woodcut frontispiece to the Opus preclaru[m] and in the painting from Lichtenthal, also a reformed house.
Thus, the iconography of the Retable du Cellier proposes a parallel between the "ideal" family of Saint Bernard and the reformed family of Flines.