Reformed churches

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Reformed churches,

in a general sense, all Protestant churches that claim a beginning in the Reformation. In more restricted and more usual historical usage, Reformed churches are those Protestant churches that had their ecclesiastical origin in the doctrines of John Calvin, as distinct from those that are Lutheran or Evangelical. Swiss and Dutch churches and many in Germany came to be denominated Reformed. The Reformed churches as a rule follow the polity of PresbyterianismPresbyterianism,
form of Christian church organization based on administration by a hierarchy of courts composed of clerical and lay presbyters. Holding a position between episcopacy (government by bishops) and Congregationalism (government by local congregation),
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. They tend toward a simple form of worship rather than elaborate ritual. In the United States, churches bearing the Reformed title include the Reformed Church in AmericaReformed Church in America,
Protestant denomination founded in colonial times by settlers from the Netherlands and formerly known as the Dutch Reformed Church. The Reformed Church in Holland emerged in the 16th cent.
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, generally known as the Dutch Reformed Church, the Christian Reformed ChurchChristian Reformed Church,
denomination formed after the secession of a group from the Reformed Church in America in 1857. Colonists from Holland who began settling in Michigan in 1846 generally became members of the Reformed (Dutch) church there.
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, the Evangelical and Reformed ChurchEvangelical and Reformed Church,
Protestant denomination formed by the merger (1934) of the Reformed Church in the United States and the Evangelical Synod of North America. Both of these bodies had originated in the Reformation in Europe.
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, and the Free Magyar Reformed Church in America. The first two trace their origin to Holland, the third to Germany and Switzerland, and the fourth to Hungary. See CalvinismCalvinism,
term used in several different senses. It may indicate the teachings expressed by John Calvin himself; it may be extended to include all that developed from his doctrine and practice in Protestant countries in social, political, and ethical, as well as theological,
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References in periodicals archive ?
We should realize that Reformed Christianity in China will develop in its own ways, consistent with China's own sociocultural and political contexts.
His career invested in connecting Reformed Christianity and the arts has earned him a well-deserved reputation for articulating nuanced truths about the place of the arts in collective worship and in devotional practices.
Such thinking is a strength of historical Reformed Christianity, and when many Christians are embracing a full gospel mandate, there is a renewed opportunity to weave ideas and actions together.
Not only would the Jews not convert to Luther's version of reformed Christianity, but also, much to his consternation, he found out that they were disseminating their own religious literature among the Christians of Bohemia and Moravia, some of whom became full converts to Judaism.
Reformed Christianity, as I shall soon have reason to emphasize, is but one of many particular Christian sub-traditions.
In documenting the sufferings of the English Protestants, Foxe wanted to record for all time how determined men and women had witnessed the truth of reformed Christianity with their lives, and show how the Church of England had grown out of the blood of martyrs in the same way that the primitive Church had done.
Many of the elite of Machecoul, such as Etienne Gaschignard, the principal of the secondary school and one of the first to be murdered by the counterrevolutionaries, were apparently shaped by this dispute, and looked forward to a reformed Christianity that would reduce the weight of the clergy, both spiritual and material, on their community.
The Calvinist movement then changed from an effort to create a single type of Reformed Christianity for all of Switzerland to a "Reformation of the refugees.
Waibel (Professor of History, Belhaven College), is an impressive and succinct treatise on the courage and accomplishments of Martin Luther who defied Rome and sought to establish a reformed Christianity in both doctrine and practice.
Without the presence of an established national church with state support in all of the colonies at the time of the Revolution, the new country was in a unique position to effect a new social order which Miller calls constructive Protestantism, a truly Reformed Christianity built from a new foundation.
Born in Zurich and inspired by the preaching of Huldrych Zwingli, Reformed Christianity showed already in the 1520s traits that distinguished it from the Reformation of Martin Luther: a more austere form of worship service, stripped of all traditions that did not have explicit Biblical basis; a strict interpretation of what constituted graven images, resulting in the removal of all art work from churches; a simple eucharistic service which denied the physical presence of Christ in the bread and wine; and the creation of morals courts entrusted with the enforcement of Reformed morality.
In 1613 John Sigismund, the Elector of Brandenburg, had announced his adherence to Reformed Christianity, but he had not required that his subjects follow him into the Reformed fold.

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